On Monday, January 13, 2014, Liz Stellrecht and Linda Lohr were privileged to attend a stimulating debate on the topic: “Resolved: End of Life Care should be rationed” at the VA Hospital presented by students involved in the Erie 1 BOCES:Connections Health Related Careers program. As described by Erie 1 Boces, “This 1-year “New Visions” program gives honors-level high school seniors the opportunity to observe careers in many allied health areas through a mentor relationship with a practicing professional. This 4 credit program includes Anatomy, Physiology and Disease, Health Core/Internship, English 12 and Social Studies: Participation in Government & Economics. Each of these 1 credit courses is integrated into the curriculum. Students spend three hours each day at a designated hospital site taking course work and observing all aspects of health careers.” The two hospitals involved are Veterans and Millard Fillmore Suburban. Guided by Christine Tillman, the enthusiastic instructor of this group, the students did an excellent job of presenting their points and their hard work and research was most evident.
Christine and her students, past and present, have had a “connection” with the Health Sciences Library as well. Over the past years Christine’s students have come to the library to learn basic research skills from a librarian, most recently Liz Stellrecht, who instructs the students on how to locate and evaluate quality health sciences literature using UB Libraries’ resources. Following the instruction session, the students spend time in the History of Medicine Collection exploring old books and medical instruments. Christine was most kind in publicly acknowledging the help provided to the students by the Health Sciences Library and hopefully this wonderful relationship will continue in the future!
On March 19, 1971 Dr. William Masters of Masters and Johnson fame delivered the Annual Harrington Lecture at the UB School of Medicine. According to the Buffalo Physician, “There was standing room only for the medical community and laity overflowing three auditoriums and Capen Hall corridors.” Dr. Masters was professor of clinical obstetrics and gynecology at Washington University and also the director of the Reproductive Biology Research Foundation (later renamed the Masters & Johnson Institute), both in St. Louis. Although no official title was mentioned, the theme of the lecture was “sex is a perfectly natural function.” He discussed the fact that it had taken him two years to get permission to do research on sex at Washington University and that when he got that permission in 1954, he wasn’t sure where to start. He found only one book in the library, Dickinson’s “Atlas on Human Sexuality” and he had to get special permission to borrow it from the reserve shelf. Dr. Masters soon began working with professional prostitutes and it was during this time that he asked his research assistant, Virginia Johnson, to join his research team as an “interpreter” of the female perspective. Later on the two co-authored the books “Human Sexual Response” and “Human Sexual Inadequacy.” 1 In 2013 the Showtime Channel debuted a series based on Masters and Johnson entitled “Masters of Sex.”
1 The Buffalo Physician. Summer 1971 Volume 5, No.2 pp. 21-24
In January 1946, John A. Korengold received a patent for his “Combined Medical Hand Light and Tongue Depressor.” Korengold was the founder of the Burton Manufacturing Company, later known as Burton Medical Products, in 1928 in Chicago, Illinois. The company was named after Korengold’s nephew, Burton Korengold. Following its merger with Jan-Dor and TransElectronics, over the next 65 years Burton Manufacturing Company’s product line ranged from medical/dental lighting to power supply and support defense equipment. (1) Korengold’s invention actually resembled a small pistol and which most likely resulted in the name “The Burton Pistolite”. According to information on the box, the instrument is described as “The Modern Medical Hand-Light…Providing Controlled, focused Precision Illumination”. There are several attachments including a tongue depressor and a laryngeal mirror that are used to perform various examinations of the tongue, the larynx, pharynx, and frontal sinuses. Come and see this interesting item up close and personal in the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection!
Meet the History of Medicine Collection’s resident Laryngo Phantom. You might well ask “what is a Laryngo Phantom and what was its purpose?” It was actually used by medical students and practicing physicians in the nineteenth century to learn how to properly use the laryngoscope to examine the throat before working on actual patients. One model invented by a Dr. Isenschmid of Munich was described on page 26, Volume 2 of the 1885 Medical Times and Gazette, as having “…a mouth of thin metal with a tongue and uvula made of red velvet”. French Otolaryngologist Dr. Baratoux designed yet another model. Our Phantom bears more of a resemblance to one designed by Dr. Goguenheim as pictured in the Matthieu instrument catalog of 1885. Dating from about 1900, it is made out of plaster and the reverse side depicts the structures of the larynx and uvula.
Although here in the Western world it is commonly believed that polio has been eradicated, the World Health Organization has confirmed an outbreak of polio in Syria. The 2.5 year-long conflict in that country has created optimal conditions for the spread of communicable diseases and has disrupted routine immunization programs. Health workers have warned that the unsanitary conditions in which many of the millions of displaced Syrians live are breeding grounds for diseases such as polio, which is transmitted through contaminated food or water supplies. With as many as 4,000 refugees fleeing the country every day, the risk of the disease spreading is particularly serious. (1) Public health officials have speculated that a possible source may have been jihadi fighters traveling to Syria from Pakistan which, along with Afghanistan and Nigeria, are the only countries where the disease is still endemic. (2) With its reemergence then, the question comes to mind: will polio ever be completely wiped out? If we look to history, Dr. Simon Flexner, then Director of Research in the Rockefeller Institute, in his address to the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences in 1916 stated his opinion that “infantile paralysis [or polio] will continue to reappear in sporadic cases because it has become too firmly entrenched to ever to be eradicated.” (3) Indeed, with this most current reemergence in Syria, Flexner’s words seem as sage as ever.
Polio Map: Washington Post, Oct 29, 2013 http://wapo.st/18GQyT0
Simon Flexner: Isolated the polio vaccine for laboratory study http://hotopics.askcarlos.com/polio/
On Thursday October 10, 2013, the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection was honored to be a part of the Special Celebration to commemorate the new Medical School Groundbreaking on Thursday, The event was held at the gleaming new UB Clinical and Translational Research Center (CTRC) on Ellicott Street where guests were treated to an impressive view of the city. The 2013 Distinguished Medical and Biomedical Awards Ceremony was preceded by cocktails and hors d’oeuvres as well as a musical presentation by a choral group known as the “Docapellas”. Dr. Joseph Chazan received the Distinguished Medical Alumnus Award and Dr. Kenneth Jacobson received the Distinguished Biomedical Alumnus Award. The James Platt White Society also held its Donor Recognition program.
History of Medicine Exhibit
The History of Medicine Collection’s exhibit, which displayed an assortment of print materials, photographs and artifacts documenting the Medical School’s history, attracted the interest of faculty, alumni and students. One of the key items was a building block from the School’s second building located at Main and Virginia in the city. This was the first building constructed and owned by the School. Our sincere thanks go out to Eric Alcott, Senior Associate Dean of Medical Development and Alumni Relations, Jennifer Britton, Lani Jandreau and all those involved in this wonderful event, for making a place for the History of Medicine!
Once again the School of Dental Medicine Alumni Association graciously allowed the Health Sciences Library and the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection to have a presence at the annual Buffalo Niagara Dental Meeting, held this year on September 25-27, 2013 at the Buffalo Convention Center. Keith Mages, Liz Stellrecht and Linda Lohr manned a table displaying a variety of dental books, instruments and ephemera as well as informational handouts about the library and the History of Medicine. The exhibit attracted dentists and dental students, dental hygienists and dental hygiene students, dental assistants and other office staff and faculty and staff from the School of Dental Medicine. It was most enjoyable to meet new people and get reacquainted with individuals from previous meetings, in particular the folks from the School of Dental Medicine and its George W. Ferry Dental Museum who set up a wonderful display of their historical dental materials. We look forward to participating in this wonderful event next year!
G.W. Ferry Dental Museum Display Dr. Pam Jones, UB Alumni Assoc. Not pictured, Robin Comeau, Curator
Did you know that the CPR mannequin Resusci Anne, also known as Rescue Anne or CPR Annie, has a Buffalo connection? First introduced in 1960 “she” was developed by a Norwegian toy maker named Åsmund Laerdal who named her after his very popular doll “Anne” (1). The face of the mannequin was modeled on the death mask of a young girl called “L’inconnue de la Seine” who had drowned in the Seine River in Paris sometime in the 1880’s (2). Laerdal based the design of Anne’s respiratory structure on research done by anesthesiologists Dr. Peter Safar and Dr. James O. Elam (3).
Now here’s where the Buffalo connection comes in: Dr. Elam, co-founded the Department of Anesthesiology at Buffalo’s Roswell Park Cancer Institute. His work in mechanical ventilation and artificial respiration revolutionized the field of anesthesiology (4). Additionally, Dr. Elam, along with fellow Roswell Park physician Dr. Elwyn S. Brown, was the first to describe how to provide mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, also known as “rescue breathing” (5).
Resusci Anne and her descendants are still made by the Laerdal Company today. So when you next attend a CPR class, take a moment to appreciate the international, and local, styling/history of the mannequin from which you are learning!
Recusci Anne, CPR mannequin extraordinaire
Dr. James O. Elam of Roswell Park Cancer Institute
1-3. Tjomsland, N; Baskett, P. The Resuscitation Greats: Asmund S. Laerdal, Resuscitation; 2002, 53: 115-9.
4. Sands, R.P; Bacon, D.R. An Inventive Mind: The Career of James O. Elam, M.D. (1918–1995), Anesthesiology; 1998, 88(4): 1107–12.
5. Peppriell JE.; et.al. The development of academic anesthesiology at the Roswell Park Memorial Institute:, Anesth Analg; 1991 Apr, 72(4):538-45.
Two books from the Brown History of Medicine Collection will be a part of the new exhibit “Life and Limb: The Toll of the American Civil War”at the O’Connell Library at Genesee Community College. Reminiscences of an army nurse during the Civil War by Adelaide Smith and A Manual of Military Surgery…by Samual D. Gross, MD, were loaned to the library for the event. The History of Medicine Collection is pleased to be able to contribute to this exciting undertaking! Attendance is free and open to the public. (Some historical battlefield and medical images and materials in the exhibit may not be suitable for pre-teen or grade school age students.)
Photos and text below courtesy of the National Library of Medicine.
“The perspectives of surgeons, physicians, and nurses are richly documented in the history of Civil War medicine, which highlights the heroism and brutality of battlefield operations and the challenges of caring for the wounded during wartime. Yet the experiences of injured soldiers during the conflict and in the years afterwards are less well-known. More than three million soldiers fought in the war from 1861-1865. More than half a million died, and almost as many were wounded but survived. Hundreds of thousands were permanently disabled by battlefield injuries or surgery, which saved lives by sacrificing limbs. Life and Limb: The Toll of the American Civil War explores the experiences of disabled Civil War veterans who served as a symbol of the fractured nation and a stark reminder of the costs of the conflict.”
The Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection was established in 1972. The collection was named in 1985 for Robert L. Brown, MD, former Associate Dean of the School of Medicine, in recognition of his strong support of the Health Sciences Library for more than twenty-five years.
The collection includes historical materials in all areas of the health sciences, including dentistry, medicine nursing, pharmacy, & public health.
The mission of the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection is to educate and inform members of the University and global communities about the history of medicine and the health sciences, with a particular focus on Buffalo and Western New York. Founded as a medical school, the importance of medicine as part of the University at Buffalo’s heritage is central toward understanding the development of the University itself. In general, the goal of the Collection is to open a gateway to the history of medicine and the health sciences by acquiring, collecting, preserving, interpreting and exhibiting books, tools and other resources from the past.
Some of the specific goals of the History of Medicine’s mission are to:
Educate and encourage young people pursuing, or interested in pursuing, careers in medicine and the health sciences by fostering in them an appreciation of how history is interwoven with the present and the future.
Demonstrate the value of the Collection as an important teaching and learning resource that supports the missions of the Health Sciences Library, the University Libraries and the University through programs and events within the Collection and through outreach activities.in the community.
Initiate interdisciplinary endeavors between the History of Medicine other health sciences special collections and other University departments such as History in order to show how medicine and the health sciences play a role in so many aspects of society and everyday life.
The guiding principle of the mission of the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection can be found in its motto: Chart the future by exploring the past.
History is on the lower level of UB's Health Sciences Library in Abbott Hall on the South Campus. Users enjoy our main reading area, which includes a History Reference section & tables for using our materials, as well as our climate controlled Rare Book Room which contains all of our monographs as well as interesting artifacts.
Materials in Our Collection
The print portion of the History collection includes:
Nineteeth century monographs with particular strengths in surgery, dentistry, obstetrics/gynecology, pharmacology, & oncology
Pre-nineteenth century titles dating back to 1493
Historical journal volumes
Materials that document the history of the Medical and other Health Sciences Schools
Historical artifacts from the UB School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Other non-book materials
The Bonnie and Vern Bullough History of Nursing Collection
Non-print materials, artifacts, and instruments in the History collection include:
The Edgar R. McGuire Historical Medical Instrument Collection
Death masks of Dr. Edgar R. McGuire and Dr. Roswell Park
The official mace and staff carried in the School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences graduation procession
Visiting and Using Our Collection
Visitors to the History Collection are always welcome! Normal hours are Monday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
It is best to schedule an appointment to use the collection and/or for a consultation so we can help you locate exactly what you need. Our materials do not circulate, so must be used on site. However, photocopies of pages in good condition are offered free of charge.
Reference questions on health science history are welcome and may be sent to Linda Lohr, (716) 829-5737.
The Edgar R. McGuire Historical Medical Instrument Collection was established in 1985 by Mrs. Annette Cravens in memory of her father, who was chairman of the Department of Surgery at the University of Buffalo from 1915 until his death in 1931.
The collection, which contains more than 230 instruments, sets of instruments and artifacts chosen for their illustration of past medical and dental procedures, includes microscopes, surgical instruments, anatomical models, leech jars and bleeding cups, and dental instruments. A number of items from this collection have been digitized and can be viewed on the UB Libraries Digital Collections pages.
The Edgar R. McGuire Historical Medical Instrument Collection is housed within the Robert L. Brown History of Medicine Collection, located in the Health Sciences Library, Abbott Hall, on UB’s South Campus.
Papier Mache Anatomical Models
Louis Auzoux (1797-1880),a French physician, began making anatomical models out of papier mache in 1822. By the time of his death, Dr. Auzoux had perfected his techniques and created a wide range of models for teaching anatomy. The models are accurate in detail, labeled, and painted. They are not easily damaged by use or climatic changes and remain unsurpassed to this day. The McGuire Instrument Collection includes Auzoux models of the ear, eye, and larynx.
Friends of HSL
The Friends of the Health Sciences Library, founded in 1975, support the collections and services of HSL, with a primary focus on the History of Medicine Collection. Past supported programs include the Health Sciences Art and Media Group art initiative and the Buffalo Medical Journal database indexing project. The Friends also sponsor annual meetings and lecture events.
Our annual meeting features the C.K. Huang Memorial Lecture, named for one of HSL's former directors. For example, in June, 2011, Dr. Dale C. Smith, Ph.D., Senior Vice President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, gave a compelling presentation on the impact of war on patient care. In addition to the presentations, the evening always includes food, drink, and great company.
Print out our membership form and send it along with your check or credit card information to the address indicated. Or, better yet, stop and visit History and get acquainted with our collection!
History of Health Sciences Exhibits
Art in the Health Sciences Library Exhibit No.3: "The Tools of Medicine"
"The Tools of Medicine" exhibit, which opened on November 19, 2003, features images of selected instruments contained in the the Edgar R. McGuire Historical Medical Instrument Collection. The exhibit features 6 enlarged, framed images mounted in the main staircase area on the first floor of HSL.
Made possible through the generous support of the Friends of the Health Sciences Library and the Medical Historical Society, the exhibit is the third of a series developed by the Health Sciences Art and Media Group (HSAMG) which includes staff from HSL and iMedia, a unit of Academic Services at UB.
The Historical Medical Instrument Collection is a remarkable assemblage of instruments and artifacts from medicine, surgery, dentistry, pharmacy, and nursing, dates from the Roman period to the 20th century. Among the items are microscopes, surgical and forensic instruments, anatomical models, a leech jar and cage, bleeding cups, and dental instruments. Established in 1985 by Mrs. Annette Cravens in memory of her father, the prominent surgeon Dr. Edgar Robinson McGuire, the collection vividly brings to life the history and evolution of the health sciences.
Dr. McGuire graduated from the University of Buffalo Medical School in 1900. He succeeded Dr. Roswell Park as chairman of the Department of Surgery at the University in 1917 and held the position until his death in 1931. In 2002, Mrs. Cravens permanently donated the portion of the Collection that had previously been on loan to the University.
The talented iMedia staff (Fred Kwiecien, Donald Trainor, Monica Carter, and Jim Ulrich) selected and photographed 6 instruments from the Historical Medical Instrument Collection to create The Tools of Medicine exhibit. The images were enlarged and framed for display in the natural gallery area of the main staircase between the 1st and 2nd floors.
For more information, please contact Linda Lohr, Manager, at 839-5737.
Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States (Peter Hirtle, Cornell Institute for Digital Collections -- a concise chart of types of works (unpublished, published in the U.S. and published outside the U.S.), the copyright term, and specifics of what was included in the public domain (thus exempt from copyright restrictions) as of 1 January 2007. The chart should be updated each year.