We have extended the OpenHelix Trial bioinformatics subscription through September 30, 2012 to provide opportunities for those returning to UB campus at the start of the Fall Semester to try out the database. To learn more about the resource and access the trial, click here.
Registration is now CLOSED for the NCBI Workshops
Bioinformatics@HSL of the UB Health Sciences Library has arranged for NCBI instructors to provide two days of hands-on computer bioinformatics workshops September 19-20, 2012 to UB faculty, graduate students, fellows, residents, staff, and physicians on the UB North, South, and Buffalo Niagara Medical campuses. This includes UB-affiliated centers, institutes and hospitals.
The workshops are FREE, but you must REGISTER. Space is limited, so register early!
Collectively called the Discovery Workshops, each day is divided into two different topical workshops (one in the morning and one in the afternoon), for a total of four different workshops. In addition, independent consultation with the NCBI instructor is available for those who attend any of the modules.
Each topical module is 2.5 hours long and will include a short lecture and demonstration using the live NCBI website, instructor-guided exercises and independent hands-on practice. Step-by-step detailed exercise handouts will be distributed to attendees.
You may register for any combination of modules.
The four modules of the Discovery Series are (with a short description of anticipated databases and tools covered):
- Weds., Sept. 19, 2012 Morning Session: Sequences, Genomes and Maps
- Searching NCBI with the Entrez search engine
- Databases include GEO (microarray), UniGene (transcriptome and gene expression), Gene, BioSystems (pathways and interacting molecules), and Homologene (related genes/proteins in different organisms and where expressed).
- Tools will include BLINK, Sequence Viewer and E-utilities.
- Databases expected to be covered are NCBI Protein, Structure, PubChem (small molecules such as drugs and ligands interacting with macromolecules) and Conserved Domains.
- Tools will include VAST, Conserved Domain (CD) Search, and the Cn3D molecular structure viewer.
- dbSNP (single nucleotide variations), Gene and viewers related to dbSNP, variations, sequences and the NCBI MapViewer chromosome viewer.
Click here for complete registration information and to register.
Contact Diane Rein, Bioinformatics Liaison, Health Sciences Library, UB Libraries by email (email@example.com) or telephone (829-5749).
In the current genomics and personal genome era, it is ever more critical to access and analyze the vast amounts of biodata available to the researcher and scientist through the hundreds of available Internet-based bioinformatics databases and tools.
To enable UB faculty, staff, and students on South, North, and Buffalo-Niagara medical campuses to quickly locate and efficiently learn to use the most authoritative and peer-reviewed bioinformatics resources, UB Libraries is pleased to announce a Free Trial to the OpenHelix suite of >100 custom-designed online tutorial learning suites covering the major bioinformatics resources.
To display a full list of tutorials, click on the Catalog link in the left-hand menu once at the OpenHelix resource.
Example database tutorials include:
- Various NCBI and EBI resources
- Genomic resources including Complete Microbial Genome (CMR), Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI), Viral Bioinformatics Resource (VBRC)
- Genome Browsers including EBI Ensembl, UCSC Genome Browser, and NCBI MapViewer
- Small Molecules including Drug Bank
- Protein interaction databases including MINT and STRING
- Pathway databases including KEGG and REACTOME
- Protein Domain databases including Pfam and SMART
- Promoter resources including ENCODE and Melina II
- Mutation and variation resources including NCBI SNP and Database of Genomic Variants (DGV)
- RNA resources including miRBASE
Example tool tutorials include:
- ClustalW—multiple sequence alignment
- Cytoscape—visualization and analysis of molecular interaction and network data
- DAVID—analyzes large gene lists for biological function
- Primer3—designing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers
- Gene Ontology
Most tutorials are 60 minutes in length. They can be run from beginning to end or, through the provided navigational controls, restricted to specific chapter segments. Using a split screen or dual monitors, users can follow the tutorial with the live resource itself. The tutorials are useful for new users to begin to use a new resource efficiently, by researchers already familiar with a resource to learn new features and evaluate functionality, or to refresh knowledge about a specific feature.
Supplementing the tutorials are PowerPoint presentations, slide handouts and hands-on exercises providing a valuable resource for educators and classroom bioinformatics training at undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels.
A companion search function is provided for users to locate highly relevant bioinformatics resources by word, phrase, or sentence both at OpenHelix and over the Internet.
Your feedback is very important to us, so let us know what you think by commenting on this message or by sending feedback to Diane Rein.
As part of the Bioinformatics@HSL workshop series, the Health Sciences Library is providing hands-on computer workshops for the UCSC Genome Browser resource and a short course in NCBI BLAST during the Fall 2011 semester.
UCSC Genome Browser
The Health Sciences Library is hosting a FREE full-day, hands-on UCSC Genome Browser workshop provided by OpenHelix instructors. Registration is required. The workshop will be offered on the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus, Sept. 21, 2011, and on the UB South campus, Sept. 22. Topics covered include searching genomes via text or sequence, creating and manipulating the Browser’s multitude of “data tracks” ( e.g., variation and repeats, phenotypes and disease, mapping and sequencing), exporting and importing both public and user-generated data and much more. Read the full description and register for the workshop here.
NCBI BLAST Short Course
A three-part, interactive hands-on computer NCBI BLAST “short course” will be offered on both the North and South campus in September 2011. The first workshop , BLAST, covers the fundamentals of the BLAST algorithm and the BLAST interface. The second workshop, Intermediate BLAST, concentrates to tailoring and editing BLAST searches effectively to call-out only those sequences of interest. Topics covered will include working with short sequences, masking sequences, aligning sequences,and more. The third workshop, Advanced BLAST, covers three advanced BLAST strategies: PSI-BLAST, PHI-BLAST and augmenting BLAST searches with the simultaneous use of the Entrez search engine. Register for all three or just what you need. The instructional portion of the workshops run 2-2.5 hours with an additional 0.5-1.0 hours appended to each workshop to permit participants to practice with their own sequences. For full description and links to register, visit the Health Sciences Library workshops web page, scrolling to the Bioinformatics@HSL section.
It is often difficult to search for bioinformatics articles in literature databases. Authors typically use a wide range of different bioinformatics vocabulary terms to describe the same thing. If you are not using the exact same search term as an author, or are not familiar with the vocabulary of bioinformatics, you will not be able to retrieve many of the articles available to you from any given database.
The way around this problem is to switch to using Medical Subject Headings, or MeSH, as search terms. The varying terms for the same concept are collapsed into one single “controlled” MeSH search term. When you search with any one of these varying terms, MeSH automatically compiles all the variant search terms and adds them to your results lists. The trick is knowing how to command the database to use MeSH and knowing which MeSH terms you should use for bioinformatics.
The UB Libraries subscribes to several literature databases which exclusively use MeSH. These are MEDLINE via OVID, MEDLINE via EBSCO, and CINAHL (nursing literature). In addition, the free PubMed database also has it available.
Visually described below is how to run a comprehensive search for bioinformatics in each of these databases using MeSH terms. You can use the exact same MeSH search string to retrieve bioinformatics articles from all four databases.
Copy/paste (without the quotes) “computational biology[mesh] OR genomics[mesh] OR proteomics[mesh]” into the PubMed search box as follows.
In PubMed, anything in closed square brackets following a search term is a command. If you want to search only these terms in the title to the article, type without the quotes “computational biology[title]“:
MEDLINE via OVID
Once you login to MedLine at UB Libraries , first click on the link for the “Multi-Field Search”, then input the search terms of computational biology, genomics and proteomics each into their own separate search box, and then configure the search interface as follows:
MEDLINE via EBSCO
The UB Libraries version of the EBSCO interface of MedLine already opens to the multi-field search interface. Pulling down the menu to specify the “MH Exact Subject Heading” is the way you call for a MeSH search in the EBSCO interface.
Configuring a search for bioinformatics in CINAHL is similar to the MEDLINE interfaces. Leave the “suggest subject terms” unchecked because you specifying them in the “MH Exact Subject Heading”pull-down menu next to each search term:
The Health Science Library’s newest issue of The Periodical is now available to read online or download at http://library.buffalo.edu/hsl/about/periodical.html. Included in this issue:
FALL 2009 WORKSHOPS: Bioinformatics, EndNote and more
STUDY AREAS AT HSL: Where in HSL you can meet to study the way you need
ROSWELL PARK DEATH MASK ON DISPLAY
MEDICAL VIDEOS AVAILABLE FOR ONLINE VIEWING
WHY YOU CAN OBTAIN FULL-TEXT FOR SOME, BUT NOT ALL, ARTICLES IN A SINGLE JOURNAL ISSUE
FRIENDS OF HSL GROUP
ONLINE GUIDE TO CITING SOURCES: Newly updated to include the APA 2010 edition
TOP 100 JOURNALS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
As we come into the fall season, Swine flu is back in the news again. Although it may have disappeared from the public in the last several months, those who have been dealing with the sequencing and functional relationships of the swine flu genome and genes have not.
NCBI GenBank has been designated as the international repository for Swine Flu (H1N1) sequence and related clinical information. In a tight cooperation between the CDC nationally and the WHO internationally, NCBI has been uploading genome and gene sequence and related information for each separately identified clinical isolate in “real-time” . To enable ready retrieval of the sequence data by those not familiar with the nuances of searching and retrieving biosequence data, NCBI has created a new set of access and retrieval tools. The tight cooperation between the CDC and WHO to make H1N1 sequence data immediately available has been complemented by the rapid publication of H1N1 influenza research articles by journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine and Science. The result has been an unprecedented publication of data, information, and tools related to manipulating the H1N1 genome and its sequences. NCBI currently archives >19,400 H1N1 DNA sequences, almost 25,000 protein sequences of the H1N1 genome. Protein and domain structures are being added regularly. Truly translating between first the bed to the bench and then back again, the result has been the rapid advancement of vaccine and diagnostics R&D. Below is a short list of highlighted swine flu bioinformatics resources, including diagnostic sequence and gene primer set information. As we come into the flu season, the UB Health Sciences Library will update this posting as needed.
1: The WHO-designated 2009 Pandemic H1N1 diagnostic gene set.
The WHO has identified eight segments of the earliest H1N1 California isolate as diagnostic for the new H1N1 strain. They have been given NCBI GenBank accession numbers FJ966079-FJ966086.
- To download the entire set of 8 records, go to NCBI Nucleotide and copy/paste the following into the query box to run the search: FJ966079:FJ966086[Accession]
- To match the name of a diagnostic gene to its corresponding accession number, download the WHO Viral gene sequences to assist update diagnostics for influenza A (H1N1)_GenBank Accession PDF document. (Clicking on this link will launch the PDF download immediately). You can then run a search for a specific set of diagnostic gene sequences by ORing the necessary accession numbers together in the NCBI Nucleotide search box in the following format: FJ966079 OR FJ966084.
2: The NCBI H1N1 2009 Pandemic GenBank Resource web page is a component of NCBI’s much larger Influenza Viral Resource. From the H1N1 Pandemic GenBank resource you can:
- Access the GenBank record for any of the 2009 Pandemic isolates uploaded to NCBI. For each isolate, you can open the record of any of the 8 diagnostic genes if they are available. Make sure you click on the at the bottom of the web page to fully open ALL available records, not just the most recent ones.
- BLAST your sequence against all influenza sequences, or check only the Influenza A box at the bottom of the web page to BLAST only against H1N1 sequences.
- An Advanced Query Builder has just been released that includes such features as restricting searches to a specific host, diagnostic gene set or geographical region. See the tutorial for instructions.
NCBI collates all information on organisms into its central Taxonomy Browser, including for the H1N1 influenza virus. Click on the link of the desired isolate to open its specific webpage at the Index, or click on the H1N1 subtype link to view all the records of H1N1 at NCBI. In the upper right-hand corner of each webpage will be a table with links to each isolate’s nucleotide and protein records. If you choose the H1N1 subtype index, table includes links specifically to DNA, protein, structure, domain, PubMed Central publications and more. The information available here is contextual. What links exist are determined by what records are available for each isolate and will change over time.
PCR and Priming Protocols and Related Information
- CDC protocol of realtime RTPCR for influenza A (H1N1)
- WHO swine genome sequencing primer sets and protocols
- Instruction on obtaining CDC’s realtime PCR (RT_PCR) diagnostic kits for detecting Swine Flu
- Gene sequences of the reassortant candidate vaccine viruses for the novel influenza A (H1N1)
- Influenza A Virus Primer Sets from the J. Craig Venter Institute
- This resource contains the primer sets for various Influenza A strains and their clinical isolates. Scroll to locate either the human or swine H1N1 primer sets. They will download as an Excel file to your hard drive.
Additional H1N1 Resources:
H1N1 Structural Protein Structure Model Database at the Riken National Institute of Japan contains a summary of the predicted 3D structures of novel influenza (swine-origin influenza A/H1N1) proteins. These proteins are necessary for virus proliferation, and make ideal targets for the development of anti-influenza drugs. It also contains a summary of the amino acid differences between the swine flu proteins and those in the Protein Databank which are generated by RPS-BLAST. The origin of the sequence data for modeling is from NCBI which is updated daily by Riken if needed. You can view and compare all these data from each novel H1N1 gene of any clinical isolate simultaneously on the same web page.
NIAID Influenza Research Database (IRD) is an integrated resource for the analysis and visualization of influenza viral proteins, genes and strains. The resource contains several types of viral search and analysis tools including mutation analysis, phenotype, protein structure and surveillance data searches. IRD has built-in H1N1 to its search and visualization resources. Just make sure to specify the H1N1 viral subtype if the option is available. A tutorial is also available. (Clicking on this link will launch the PDF download immediately).
This Fall Semester, the Health Sciences Library Bioinformatics@HSL series is offering a set of three BLAST workshops which, taken together, constitute a short course in BLAST sequence similarity searching. Regardless of your level of skill this integrated “3-pack” of BLAST workshops will enhance your skill and efficiency using BLAST from the basics, through the tips and tricks I’ve gleamed from NCBI directly and working with others, through power BLASTing with PSI-BLAST and PHI-BLAST: two types of iterative BLAST search algorithms that can find structural, functional and/or sequence motif relationships for your sequence that “traditional” BLAST cannot.
Read over the workshop descriptions below and decide which work for you . You can then register for the workshops here, or, more importantly contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org to arrange for the workshop to come on-site, tailored to your specific needs for your research laboratory, seminar, course, or group of any kind.
Don’t want BLAST? Want EndNote or something else instead? The BLAST Short Course is part of the HSL workshops offered every semester. If you are interested in EndNote, tenure metrics and more, take the opportunity to look over our other offerings and register for these courses as well. You can read about all of the HSL’s workshops, and then register for them, on HSL’s workshop webpage.
WORKSHOP 1: BLAST
BLAST, the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at NIH, has become the major bioinformatics search tool to locate similar sequences to DNA or protein sequences. Proper analysis of BLAST results simultaneously provides insights into gene/protein structure and functions for unknown sequences while aiding in defining future experiments. A combination handout/workbook will be given to workshop participants that will cover the workshop material.
Following this workshop you will be able to:
- Search with BLAST.
- Decipher and analyze search results, including E values.
- Understand BLAST algorithmic interface options.
- Know the strengths and limitations of BLAST.
- Know how to choose between:
- Basic BLAST options (blastp, blastn, tblastn, blastx, etc.).
- Genomic BLAST.
- Specialized BLAST options (microarray, immunoglobulin, high-throughput sequencing, etc.).
- Use BLAST to align and compare sequences of your choice.
- Run mutation BLAST with either protein or nucleotide sequences.
- Edit, limit, and re-format both BLAST searches and results.
- Link-out from BLAST results to other related NCBI information for a given sequence.
- Manage BLAST search results.
TIMES AND LOCATIONS:
September 22, 2009: NORTH Campus— Room 212, Teaching & Learning Center, Capen Hall.
September 21, 2009: SOUTH Campus—Media Instruction Room, Health Sciences Library.
WORKSHOP 2: BLAST TIPS AND TRICKS
This two-hour practical hands-on workshop will focus to adjusting those BLAST algorithmic parameters which act as filters for BLAST, along with other “advanced commands” that can be used to enhance BLAST results. The workshop will concentrate primarily to nucleotide and protein BLASTing, but will cover other specialized BLAST searches based upon participant interest and available time. The new NCBI multiple alignment tool, COBALT, will also be introduced. A combination handout/workbook will be given to workshop participants that will cover the workshop material.
Following this workshop you will be able to:
- Constrain BLAST searches to specific sequence segments of your query using a variety of different methods.
- Limit the initial BLAST search to specific organisms, tissues of expression, molecule types or databases.
- Restrict the BLAST results to specific organisms, tissues of expression, molecule types or databases to make your analysis easier.
- Use filtering options to lower the number of statistically significant but meaningless hits to query sequences.
- Batch BLAST.
TIMES AND LOCATIONS:
September 28, 2009: SOUTH Campus—Media Instruction Room, Health Sciences Library.
September 29, 2009: NORTH Campus— Room 212, Teaching & Learning Center, Capen Hall.
WORKSHOP 3: BEYOND BLAST: POWERING UP YOUR SEQUENCE SIMILARITY SEARCHES WITH NCBI PSI-BLAST AND PHI-BLAST
Position-Specific Iterative (PSI) BLAST is a protein sequence search method that generates a protein search profile in place of the original BLAST algorithm. More importantly, you the searcher, choose the sequences you need to build the search profile for subsequent iterations. Pattern Hit Initiated (PHI)-BLAST BLAST is similar, with the notable exception that you can specify a protein motif or repeating protein element to build your protein profile. Both PSI-BLAST and PHI-BLAST provide a means to detecting distant functional relationships between proteins that are beyond the capability of BLAST. They are also the method of choice if “traditional” BLAST is returning too few of hits or unannotated hits. The recently re-formatted NCBI PHI- and PSI-BLAST interface and algorithms now put these powerful tools into the hands of all BLAST users. Additionally, both PSI- and PHI-BLAST are integrated with any 3D structures returned within the hits, aligning sequences recovered from a search to the target sequence. This two-hour workshop will work through the underlying concept of scoring matrices upon which PHI- and PSI BLAST are built upon and provide practical hands-on experience in PHI- and PSI-BLASTing. A combination handout/workbook will be given to workshop participants that will cover the workshop material.
Following this workshop you will be:
- Understand scoring matrices and their use in BLAST, PSI-BLAST and PHI-BLAST
- Know when and how to run PHI-BLAST and PSI-BLAST
- Able to link-out from PHI-BLAST results to discover gene and protein structural information for your query.
October 5, 2009: NORTH Campus— Room 212, Teaching & Learning Center, Capen Hall.
October 6, 2009: SOUTH Campus—Media Instruction Room, Health Sciences Library.
For several decades, CRISP (Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects) has been the “go-to” search resource for USA federally funded grants, research projects and programs. On September 9, 2009, NIH will retire CRISP in favor of the new grant award search engine, RePORTER. Currently you can search CRISP through its original interface or try out the recently released public beta full version of RePORTER . On September 9, only the new RePORTER interface will be available for searching, so make sure you check it out:
The original functionality of CRISP will be retained in RePORTER but significantly enhanced. This change was mandated as part of the legislative NIH Reform Act of 2006, which requires NIH to provide access to publications and patents resulting from NIH expenditures, including grant awards. When RePORTER goes completely live on September 9, new features will include:
- additional query fields
- ability to sort hit lists in a variety of ways
- download results to Excel
- any publications and/or patents resulting from grants and projects will be linked directly from within the hits list from several sources which currently include:
- PubMed Central
- US Patent & Trademark Office Patent Full Text and Image Database
- extramural funding available from the NIH eRA databases
- intramural funding from the NIH Intramural Database
In turn, RePORTER itself will be embedded within the much larger RePORT web resource that provides additional search engines for:
- NIH Reports
- Using pull-down menus, you can search for data from within NIH Reports. For example, you can craft a search to return data on success rates for R01 applications submitted to all NIH Institutes and Centers in fiscal year 2008.
- Categorical Spending
- Currently, you can search >200 diseases or conditions, generating a list funded grant information including project title, amount awarded, PI and more
- NIH Data Book
- Provides basic summary statistics on extramural grants, contract awards, grant applications, scientific workforce, etc. and more
The new RePORT web site, as well as the RePORTER search engine, will undergo a series of iterations throughout fiscal year 2010 as NIH continues to mature the resource to include new indexing schemes, more extensible search options and new features related to specific diseases and other conditions.
Additional related links:
- RePORT Overview
- RePORT Tutorial: A Flash-based tutorial that reviews basic features of the RePORT web site. The tutorial is divided into separate learning modules. You can choose which module you wish to view in whatever order you wish or let the tutorial run its pre-selected course set by NIH.
- RePORT FAQS
As its name implies, Genome Workbench is an integrated, customizable application for viewing and analyzing sequence data. One of its strengths is its ability to import publically available sequence data and mash it up with your own imported private data. There is no online version of Genome Workbench. You must download and install the program onto your computer, which also means your private data stays private to your computing environment. Once you have downloaded it, run the Tutorial 1: Basic Operation, an excellent set of exercises which will acquaint you with the interface and options of the Workbench. You can follow the tutorials searches and data uploads, or substitute your own. A strong point of the Workbench is its full set of tutorials and practice datasets ranging from basic to advanced and include working with variation and alignments.
Some Genome Workbench Features:
- Organizes data into Projects of your choosing (specific genes/sequences and their transcripts, regulatory elements, proteins, SNPs, STSs, etc.).
- Projects are then collected into Workspaces (genes from different organisms, sequences correlated to a specific disease, your data chunks from the same organism, etc.)
- Zoomable graphics mode.
- Explore sequence data at different levels of detail, ranging from individual exons to genomic contexts, marching up and down chromosomes as needed.
- View data as alignments, phylogenetic trees, graphically or as tables.
- BLAST from within graphics mode.
- Multiple options to align sequences including ClustalW, MUSCLE.
- Analyze variation, including SNPs.
- Import Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) data.
- Link-out service from within Workbench, including linking from sequences within Workbench to:
- Click here to begin an immediate download of a NCBI PowerPoint presentation on the Genome Workbench which provides many more screenshots and a full overview.
Additional related links:
Current Protocols in Bioinformatics: Step-by-step instructions for working with bioinformatics databases, tools, software, and more.
Current Protocols in Cell Biology: Methods for analysis of the relationship between specific molecules and genes, and their locations, functions, and structure at the cellular level.
Current Protocols in Molecular Biology: Covers basic methods in nucleic acid isolation and purification, and protein expression, as well as advanced protocols relating to next-generation sequencing, microarrays, single cell analysis, PCR, gene silencing, and more.
Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry: Covers basic to advanced techniques for the synthesis, modification, purification, protection, analysis, and utilization of nucleic acids, nucleotides, and nucleosides. Includes methods for analysis of structure-function, binding and cross-linking.
Current Protocols in Protein Science: Presents methods for studying and quantifying protein interactions, as well as many protocols for proteomics analyses and protein engineering.More Info
Full-text from Volume 1, 2006More Info
- Copyright – Listing of government websites on copyright prepared by Edward Herman, UB Libraries government information services librarian.
- Copyright Resources – Compilation by Sharon Murphy, UB Libraries Nursing liaison covering copyright code, author rights, copyright in teaching, Fair Use, copyright in course management systems, international and SUNY copyright information, and more.
Drug Information Resources – Prepared by UB Libraries Pharmacy liaison, Deborah McConnell Chiarella. Provides information on drug monographs, drug nomenclature, pill images, interactions/adverse effects, and off label use.
Medical Images: Selected Resources – Maintained by Diane Rein, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Liaison at UB Libraries. Provides access to images, videos, audio, and other multimedia formats to biological and medically oriented images including how to retrieve images from the various subscription databases at UB (Medline, Science Direct, Clinical Key, etc.), image search engines, images related to specific medical disciplines (dermatology, cardiology, histology, neuroscience, etc.), biology (anatomy, embryology), general topics such as cancer and public health, and more.
Ontology in Buffalo – Provides access and information to a variety of ontology projects at the University at Buffalo. Assembled by Nell Aronoff, UB Libraries’ liaison to the School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.
Patents – Annotated guide to the major patent databases, national/international patent offices, commercial patent services, and sections on copyright and intellectual property. Collated by Nancy Schiller, UB Libraries’ engineering librarian.
Spectra & Spectral Data – An extensive and generously annotated guide for locating all types of spectra in all types of formats (print, subscription databases, Internet public domain) prepared by A. Ben Wagner, chemistry and physics librarian at UB. The subsections detailing mass spectra, NMR, and X-ray crystallography spectra will be of particular interest to those performing research in the molecular biology sciences and/or bioinformatically.
- Toxicology – Guide maintained Nell Aronoff, UB Libraries’ liaison to the School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Focuses to resources providing concise overviews of the toxic effects of individual substances.
- Toxicology In-depth Research Guide – Guide to extensive review of a topic related to toxicology or when a detailed analysis of a the toxicology of a particular substance is needed. Created and maintained by A. Ben Wagner, chemistry and physics librarian at UB.