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Fun Fact Friday

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Did you know that Gregg Allman of the Allman Brothers thought his calling was to be a dentist rather than a musician? He applied and was accepted to dental school, but put off attending to go on tour with his brother.  You can add this to your arsenal of random facts provided by your dental librarian, which of course includes my personal favorite – that dentists discovered the secret of the narwhal’s horn.



New BioMed Central membership

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The Health Sciences Library is pleased to announce that the university is now a BioMed Central member. This membership gives UB authors a 15% discount on the article processing charges.  BioMed Central publishes over 100 online, open access journals including BMC Oral Health and the International Journal of Implant Dentistry.

Some of the benefits of choosing a BioMed Central publication are:

  • rigorous and rapid peer review
  • your research will be freely available to anyone with an internet connection (no pay-per-view charges!), which means your research has a higher likelihood of being cited as it is freely available to the entire global biological and medical community
  • your article will be listed in PubMed within days of publication
  • you retain copyright of your work

When submitting a manuscript, either via a journal home page or via, you will be identified as belonging to a member institute and automatically granted a 15% discount on article processing charges if you are within your institution’s firewall.  If you are at home or at an external terminal when submitting your paper, you can still claim this discount by stating your affiliation to your institution.

Remember, when receiving a grant for your research, you can write publication costs into your grant to cover author fees.

Next time you’re searching for a place to submit your research, consider a BioMed Central publication and support Open Access!  If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me.

Recap of Dr. Tezal’s Class

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As promised, here is a recap of Dr. Tezal’s class.  The theme of the class was “Searching for the evidence: sources and strategies.”

We first discussed PubMed and all of the different ways to search within PubMed.  Provided by the National Library of Medicine, PubMed contains over 24 million citations to literature in the medical and biomedical sciences fields.

  • The most important thing to remember about using PubMed is to ALWAYS access PubMed through the library’s site so will you be able to have UB’s full text access to articles.
  • Most articles are indexed with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). MeSH provides standardization to searching within PubMed, making it easier to find relevant information.
  • It is possible to build searches with MeSH (including using subheadings) by adding terms to the search builder within the MeSH database. MeSH is also very useful for finding quick definitions of terms as well.
  • Always check the MeSH terms assigned to an article, as it may give you ideas for search terms for your own search.
  • The advanced search will save the last 8 hours of your search, and will allow you to build complex searches by combining multiple terms or search strategies at once with AND, OR, or NOT.
  • Limits or filters for your search results will appear on the left side of your screen; a particularly useful filter is the article type.
  • The Article Linker button will appear in the upper right corner of the detailed record for a specific article; this button will connect you to the full text.  If the full text is unavailable, you can request the item through Delivery+ and the UB Libraries will get it for you for free!
  • Creating a My NCBI account will allow you to save search strategies, set up search alerts, edit your preferences of how results appear, set up custom filters, and will save the last six months of your searches.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

  • Not only do Cochrane systematic reviews follow a very rigorous protocol, the reviews will be updated on a regular basis as more evidence becomes available even after initial publication.
  • Remember to check out the Oral Health Group to see what Cochrane systematic reviews are available in the area of dentistry and oral biology.  Remember, the Oral Health Group generally only uses randomized controlled trials in their systematic reviews.
  • This database does not use MeSH; it is recommended to search keyword by keyword, and then combine your terms to create a more targeted search.
  • This database is a great place to start when looking for systematic reviews similar to your topic; remember to look at the references of a systematic review, as it might be useful for your own research.

Web of Science

  • While Web of Science can be used to do general lit searching, Web of Science is best known for cited reference searching; plug in the citation information for an article, and find out not only what references that articles utilized, but who has cited the article since its publication.
  • Remember, if an article has a particularly high citation count, it can indicate that the article is what is referred to as a landmark article, meaning that it has made a large impact in its field.
  • Web of Science does not use a controlled vocabulary like MeSH.
  • Keep an eye out for the Article Linker to connect you to the full text!

Other Evidence-Based Medicine notes:

Most important, you can always contact me for help!

Recap of Dr. McCall’s class

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Thank you for your attention during yesterday’s class! Here’s a recap of everything we went over:


  • Provided by the National Library of Medicine, PubMed contains over 24 million citations to literature in the medical and biomedical sciences fields.
  • ALWAYS access PubMed through the library’s site so you can have UB’s full text access.
  • Most article are indexed with MeSH (Medical Subject Headings), which can be summed up as terms that are best to use to locate the information you need.  It’s the preferred language of the database.
  • You can build searches with MeSH (including subheadings) from the MeSH database, or by changing the drop down menu next to the search box to MeSH.
  • The advanced search option in PubMed will save the last 8 hours of your searches, and will allow you to build complex searches by combining multiple terms at once.
  • Limits or filters for your search results will appear on the left side of your screen; good ones to remember are article type, publication dates, and age range of subjects.
  • Remember to check the MeSH terms assigned to articles you find useful, as they might be useful for your own search.
  • Always look for the Article Linker button in the upper right corner of the screen – this will connect you to the full text!  If we don’t have the full text available, make a request through Delivery+ and the libraries will get it for you for free.
  • If you create a free My NCBI account with PubMed, you can save searches and set up search alerts, set up custom filters, and edit preferences of how your results appear.

Remember, a good way to find original research is find a systematic review on your topic, and take a look at the articles the systematic review is summarizing.  Systematic reviews usually only synthesize randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, or case control studies, which are high level evidence original research articles.  Use the systematic review limit under article type to quickly limit your results to only systematic reviews!  You can also search for different study designs by using the type of study as a MeSH term; cohort studies and case-control studies do not have article type limits for them, but using the MeSH term will work.

Also, when critiquing a randomized control trial, take a look at the CONSORT Statement.  Other useful tools for analyzing the evidence can be found on the ADA’s evidence-based dentistry site.

Remember, if you have any questions or if you get stuck in your research, you can always contact me.  Thanks, and good luck with your searching!

Let EndNote be your best friend.

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Here at the UB Libraries, we offer plenty of FREE workshops for information tools that are guaranteed to make your life easier. Our most popular workshop by far is our No Experience EndNote class, where in approximately an hour you will learn all of the basics of EndNote.


These people love EndNote. This could be you!

Not sure what EndNote is? EndNote is a citation management program that will not only help you keep your research organized, but will create citations in your paper for you in any style with the click of a button. Any. Style. EndNote will manage all of your citations, including the bibliography, for you, saving you tons of time. It’s pretty fabulous. Those of you who are currently in the process of writing research papers or getting ready to submit an article to a journal, I highly recommend you get familiar with the program, and let it save you from a lot of time and frustration trying to format your bibliography.  You can download EndNote from the UB Libraries for free to get started.

Now that I’ve convinced you how EndNote can change your life, you can sign up for one of our workshops here. We also offer an advanced EndNote class for those of you that want to up your game and become EndNote gurus. If the class dates and times don’t work for you, just contact me and we’ll make sure you get the info you need. EndNote also has a great YouTube channel with quick tutorials if you need something fast. Any questions, just let me know!

Top Resources


The best place to find biomedical literature including extensive indexing of dentistry journals. MEDLINE includes information from the Index to Dental Literature.  More Info
Partial Full-Text

Web of Science Core Collection

Multidisciplinary database to journal literature in the sciences that indexes several top tier dentistry journals, including the Journal of Dental Research.  More Info
Partial Full-Text

CINAHL Plus with Full Text

Provides comprehensive coverage of nursing, dental education, dental hygiene and other allied dental health journal literature.  More Info
Partial Full-Text

ScienceDirect - (Elsevier)

An e-journal collection that contains partial full-text access to scientific, technical and medical literature, including journals in dentistry.  More Info

Evidence Based Medicine Reviews (EBMR)

Provides full-text article and topic reviews. EBMR is an excellent source for evidence-based dentistry researchers.  More Info


Povides free of charge access to all MEDLINE citations  More Info


EMBASE via Elsevier

Covers the effects, use, and administration of all current, potential and experimental drugs, side effects, manufacturers, and trade names of approved and prospective drugs.  More Info
Partial Full-Text

Lexi-Comp Online (HUBNET)

Contains up-to-date drug information, dosage information, natural product information and drug toxicology information.
Partial Full-Text

National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents. Includes links to some full-text documents.  More Info
Partial Full-Text


American Dental Association Directory

The ADA Directory provides basic information on individual dentists in the United States. More Info

HUBNET Resources - Electronic Books

A compliation of full text medical references and textbooks.

Merck Manual

An excellent online medical textbook which contains several chapters on dental and oral disorders. More Info