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University at Buffalo Libraries

Census - Historical Data


Lockwood Library's Government Documents collection has copies of selected historical census publications in paper format. Search the Libraries Catalog as call numbers vary. Lockwood Library's Reference Department has selected publications dealing with New York State counts from 1900 through the present. Search the Libraries Catalog or browse the HA 201 section to locate information.

American FactFinder (U.S. Census Bureau)
http://factfinder2.census.gov
Covers Census Bureau population, housing, and economic statistics from 2000 to date.

CensusCD 1980 (Geolytics, Inc)
Lockwood Reference Desk CD-ROM HA214 .C45 1999
Reproduces 1980 census data and maps for the nation, states, counties, cities, towns, villages, and census tracts. Topics cover demographic and socioeconomic issues. Selected examples include age; race; labor force and income; education; and migration.

Bureau of the Census Catalog of Publications, 1790-1972
https://www.census.gov/prod/www/catalogs.html
US C 3.163/ 3-2: 790-972
Two sections cover 1790-1945 and 1946-1972. Brief annotations describe most titles. Access many documents in two microform collections.

  • United States Decennial Census Publications, 1790-1970 (Research Publications)
    Capen Multimedia Center MicFilm HA195 .U5 1975
    UB has 1790-1950. Use the Bibliography and Reel Index : A Guide to the Microfilm Edition of United States Decennial Census Publications, 1790-1970 , to identify reel and title numbers. (Lockwood Reference and Capen Multimedia Center Reference HA195 .R47 1975). A tutorial about using the Bibliography and Reel Index is at http://library.buffalo.edu/units/lml/govdocsubj/Census_Microforms.pdf.
  • United States Census Publications, 1820-1945 (Exclusive of Decennial Census Publications) (Greenwood Press) Capen Multimedia Center MicFiche HA195 .U5 1972
    Microfiche accession numbers correspond to those in Bureau of the Census Catalog of Publications.

CensusCD+Maps (Geolytics, Inc)
Arch/Plan AV Collection CD-ROM HA201 1990 .C462 1999
Lockwood Reference Desk CD-ROM HA201 1990 .C42 compu/d
Capen Multimedia Center CD-ROM 457: HA201 1990z
Reproduces 1990 census data and maps for the nation, states, counties, cities, towns, villages, and census tracts. Topics cover demographic and socioeconomic issues. Selected examples include age; race; labor force and income; education; and migration.

Census of Population and Housing [Historical Reports] (U.S. Census Bureau)http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html
Reproduces PDF files of selected decennial publications covering 1790-2000.

CensusCD Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB) (GeoLytics, Inc.)
LOCKWOOD Reference Desk CD-ROM HA181 .C462 2001
Reproduces and maps census tract data from 1970 to 2000. Census tracts are generally comparable to neighborhoods. Although intended to be stable, tract boundaries sometimes change depending upon population shifts. NCDB includes 2 types of tract boundaries, those existing during each census and those "normalized' to the 2000 census. That is, the publisher provides data for 1970, 1980, and 1990 based upon 2000 boundaries, enabling users to compare geographies that are as identical as possible.

Demographic Profile Products (Missouri Census Data Center)http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/websas/dp3_2ktmenus/us/
Compares selected 1990 and 2000 data for the nation; states; counties; metropolitan areas; places of at least 10,000 people; and zip codes.

Historical Census Browser (University of Virginia Library. Digital Research and Instructional Services)
http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
Provides selected population statistics for states and counties from 1790-1960. See the National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) to access historical statistics for census tracts.

Historical Statistics of the South, 1790-1970; A Compilation of State-Level Census Statistics For the Sixteen States of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia (University of Alabama Press)
Lockwood Reference HA218 .D63

Historical Statistics of the States of the United States: Two Centuries of the Census, 1790-1990 (Greenwood Press)
Lockwood Reference HA214 .H57 1993
Covers population, agriculture, and manufacturing.

Historical Statistics of the United States Millennial Edition Online (Cambridge University Press)http://library.buffalo.edu/e-resources/Hist_Stats.html
Lockwood Reference HA202 .H57 2006 Vol. 1
Topics cover population characteristics (92 tables); vital statistics (29 tables); domestic and international migration (66 tables); family and household composition (15 tables); Native Americans (35 tables); and cohorts-groups sharing common characteristics (15 tables).

National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) (University of Minnesota. Minnesota Population Center)
http://www.nhgis.org/
Database compilers hope to make census data covering 1790-2000 available without charge on the Web. As of July 2006, statistics from the 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940, 1950, 1960, and 1990 counts are online, plus selected boundary files for use with geographic information system (GIS) applications. NHGIS includes small area data excluded from the Historical Census Browser .

New York State Population, 1790-1980 : A Compilation of Federal Census Data (Neal-Schuman)
Lockwood Reference HA 545 S58 1987
Arch/Plan Reference HA 545 S58 1987
Provides population statistics for all counties, places, and villages in New York State.

Population Information in… (Oryz Press)
A 3 volume series that indexes data by subjects and geographies.

  • Population Information in Nineteenth Century Census Volumes
    Lockwood Reference Z 7164.D3 S44 1983
  • Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes, 1900 to 1940
    Lockwood Reference Z 7164 D3 S45 1985
  • Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes, 1950 to 1980
    Lockwood Reference Z 7164 D3 S46 1988 (also available in Lockwood Book Collection)

Retrospective Bibliography of American Demographic History from Colonial Times to 1983 (Greenwood Press)
Lockwood Reference HB 3505 G43 1989
Presents useful references for studying ethnicity, immigration, and family patterns. An updated volume covers 1984-1994.

  • Bibliography of American Demographic History: the Literature from 1984 to 1994
    Lockwood Reference HB 3505 G432 1995

School Districts

  • School District Data Book (US Department of Education. National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES))
    Capen Multimedia Center US CD-ROM 343:
    ED 1.334/ 2: SC 37/
    Reproduces 1990 statistics on for the entire nation on 2 CD-ROMs.
  • 1980 Census School District Comprehensive Population and Housing Characteristics (State University of New York. Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government)
    Capen Multimedia Center MicFiche LB2826.N7 A14 1986
    Reproduces data for New York State school districts.

Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts (U.S. Census Bureau)http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/hiscendata.html
Reproduces selected census publications that cover historical topics.

Social Explorer (Oxford University Press)http://library.buffalo.edu/e-resources/socialexplorer.html
Provides statistics and thematic maps for census data for the nation, states, and counties, from 1790 to date, and the same for census tract information from 1940 to date.  A guide to using Social Explorer, Social Explorer - Creating Census Maps & Statistical Tables, is at http://library.buffalo.edu/asl/guides/busdoc/census/social_explorer.pdf.  Social Explorer also includes selected information collected by the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA).

Vital Statistics of the United States (VSUS) (US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS))http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/vsus/vsus.htm (1890-2000)
Lockwood Documents US HE 20 6210: (1971-1993)
Lockwood Documents US FS 2.112: (1946-1969)
Lockwood Documents US C 3.139: (1937-1940)
Reproduces birth and death statistics at national and selected local levels.