Astronomy & Astrophysics: Internet Resources
- Books, Journals, Open Access, Preprints
- Career Information
- Educational Materials
- General Portals & Directories
- History of Astronomy
- Images, Telescopes & Stars
- Our Solar System
- Professional Societies
This guide contains selected astronomy and astrophysics resources freely available on the Internet. For more information on Astronomy, visit the Physics Department here at the State University of New York at Buffalo.
Books, Journals, Open Access, Preprints
- arXiv Preprint Server (Cornell Univ.) - physics, mathematics, non-linear science and computer science
- Astronomy Thesaurus (Australian National Univ.) - Searchable in 5 languages.
- BookFinder.com - one of the best & largest meta-search site for new & used books.
- CAS Source Index - current and discontinued scientific and technical serial titles worldwide including journals, online preprint servers, conference proceedings, patent document series, meeting publications, and monographs containing collections of papers. [Note: this online version is missing some information from the CD product available at the Lockwood Reference Area CD Workstation.]
- Digital Library for Physics, Astrophysics, and Instrumentation Astrophysics Data System (ADS) from NASA/Harvard Univ.
- Directory of Open Access Journals (Lund Univ.) - Over 9,700 peer reviewed, freely available journals, the most comprehensive directory on the Web. Article level search also available.
- Directory of Open Access Repositories -OpenDOAR (Univ. of Nottingham) - an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories.
- Encyclopedia Astronautica (Mark Wade) - an excellent history of spaceflight and space vehicles around the world.
- Fundamental Physical Constants (NIST)
- East Asian Gateway Service Document Delivery (Univ. at Pittsburgh) - Free, fast delivery of Chinese documents/articles to any individual researchers for research and teaching purposes where the needed item is not in any U.S. library.
- Google Books - Over 15,000,000 books and magazine issues, with material added daily.
- HathiTrust - Over 8.7 million scanned items, all described by precise metadata. Full-text of copyrighted items (~73%) are generally inaccessible.
- Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2nd Ed. (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990) - Mostly tables and figures; note this is the older edition. The 3rd edition was published in 2007, but is not open access.
- Landolt-Bornstein Substance / Property Index - Keyword searchable as well as molecular formula, element system, CAS Registry Numbers, chemical name, and zeolite indicies. UB has most of the older print volumes on the Lockwood Science & Engineering Reference shelves (QC61.L33 & QC61.L332).
- The Online Books Page (John Mark Ockerbloom, Univ. of Penna.) - A meta-search & directory of over 800,000 freely available online books.
- Publish or Perish (Anne-Wil Harzing) - a downloadable, free program analyzing Google Scholar citations to an author's publications. Reports statistics such as ave. cites per paper and h-index & related metrics. Disclaimer: Google Scholar citation data is very noisy & includes non-peer reviewed citing documents. Citation variations likely inflate number of papers & citations.
- RoMEO - Over 400 publisher copyright and self-archiving policies (SHERPA)
- SciVee (Univ. of California, San Diego) - Allows scholars to post articles along with a video presentation. Sponsored by NSF & Public Library of Science.
- American Astronomical Society Job Register
- NASA Jobs
- Naturejobs (Nature Magazine)
- Optics.Org Employment Service (Institute of Physics)
- PhDs.org: Science, Math & Engineering Career Resources (Geoff Davis) - aims at Ph.D. candidate & job seekers. Includes school rankings at Find the Graduate School That's Right for You.
- Space Careers (Spacelinks) - Space industry commercial job service.
- SPIE Career Center (International Society for Optical Engineering).
- Astronomical Almanac Online [Nautical Almanac Office (U.S.)/Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office/(U.K.)]
- Astronomical Data Archives Center (ADAC) (National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)
- Astrophysics Data System (ADS) - Digital Library for Physics, Astrophysics, and Instrumentation (NASA/Harvard Univ.)
- Frequencies for Observed Interstellar Molecular Microwave Transitions (NIST)
- INSPIRE (Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory) - the key high energy and astrophysics database, freely available.
- NASA/IPAC Extragalatic Database - Truly detailed information with many information links. Many search options. Minimal browse capability; best to know name or position of desired object.
- NIST Data Gateway - Access to all databases available from NIST's Standard Reference Data (SRD) collections.
- Parallax Project Historic Star Data - Star parallax data and calculations from 1910-1969, originally, the Publications of the Allegheny Observatory of the University of Pittsburgh in 10 volumes.
- SIMBAD Astronomical Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg) - data on astronomical objects outside the solar system.
- US Virtual Astronomical Observatory - meta search of data collections, catalogs, and image archives
Education Materials & Web Courses
See also: Our Solar System
- Astronomy and Cosmology on Stamps (UB Science & Engineering Information Center) - Exhibit of postage stamps with astronomical themes
- Astronomy Center (AAS, AAPT, National Science Digital Library/NSF) - Clearinghouse of digital resources, teaching aids, news, & learning tools.
- Astronomy Software Servers (Astroweb) - Over 100 sites and codes listings that are used in astronomical research.
- Center for Astronomy Education (Jet Propulsion Lab) - A wide variety of resources are listed including workshops, teaching strategies, research-validated curriculum, assessment tools, college locator, an educators' discussion group, and links to many other resources.
- GradschoolShopper (AIP) - one-stop resource for researching graduate programs in physics, astronomy, and related fields.
- NASA's Education Program
- National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Learning Center- more than 6,300 different resources, of which over 1,900 are free. Searchable by grade level and type of resource (lesson plans, SciPacks, podcasts, etc.) Includes a browsable, comprehensive, full-text collection of state learning standards.
- Physics and Astronomy Departments Around the World (Physlink)
- Planetary Science Research Discoveries (Univ. of Hawaii) - collection of online articles, resources, news, and classroom activities.
- Project CLEA: Laboratory Exercises in Astronomy (Gettysburg College) - No new software is being developed, but all programs still available for free downloading.
- Science Magazine: Video Portal - A wide range of high quality videos on interesting and very current research.
- Science360 (NSF) - Gathers the latest science videos provided by scientists, universities, research centers, NSF, and others. Exceptional navigation features. Focuses on cutting-edge discoveries and big science stories of the day.
- SciTalks: Smart people on cool topics (Lee Vodra) - Excellent science videos, many by propminent researchers. Caution: Videos are self posted. Copyright & accuracy uncertain.
- Symbols.com- Over 2,500 Western signs and ideograms with a unique graphic description search, e.g. symmetric vs. non-symmetrical
- Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students (Penn State Univ.) - a particularly useful and comprehensive guide to good scientific writing.
General Portals and Directories
- About.com Astronomy Directory
- Astronomical Resources on the Internet (Univ. of Denver)
- AstroWeb Consortium (NRAO) - Data, people, publications, organizations, research
- CORE - COnnecting REpositories ( Knowledge Media institute, The Open University) - millions of scholarly articles aggregated from many Open Access repositories.
- Directory of Open Access Journals - Article Search (Lund Univ.) - Use the lower search box to access nearly 1 million OA articles in over 7,700 journals.
- Europeana - Multi-lingual online collection of millions of digitized items from European museums, libraries, archives and multi-media collections.
- NASA Home Page - Links to the space agency and more.
- National Library of Energy: Science and R&D (DOE) - replaces the Science Accelerator platform. A federated search engine that searches 16 key Department of Energy resources.
- National Science Digital Library - funded by major NSF grants.
- OAIster - collection of digital open access/open archive documents (OCLC)
- Resources in Astronomy (Special Libraries Association Physics-Astronomy-Mathematics Div.)
- Science.gov "USA.gov for Science" gateway.
- Virtual Astronomy, Astrophysics, and Space Reference Center - Martindale's Reference Desk
- WorldWideScience.org - Open access portal & federated search engine covering over 400 million pages from 65 countries. Papers can be translated into nine different languages.
History of Astronomy
- Biographical Index to Sky & Telescope - Covers complete run from Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 1941) on.
- History of Astronomy - Also has links to science awards and prizes and pages devoted to women in science. Some pages infrequently updated. (Univ. of Bonn, Germany)
- IsisCB Explore: Open Access History of Science Discovery Service (History of Science Society) - Searches the literature in the history of science, technology, and medicine. Based on the Isis Current Bibliography of the History of Science and updated annually
- Wikipedia Astronomy Timelines - extensive directory of timelines on the Internet.
Images, Telescopes & Star Guides
- Anglo-Australian Observatory of Astronomical Images - Striking wide-field photographs
- Astronomy Image Explorer (AAS/Institute of Physics) - free search of images, illustrations, graphs, charts, and videos appearing in the Astrophysical Journal title set from 2008+.
- Astronomy Images Directory - Pretty Pictures (NRAO) - Over 100 sites listed, from Hubble to the space shuttle to comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.
- Constellation and star guide (Univ. of Wisconsin) -when they are best seen and interactive sky charts.
- Google Earth (& Moon, Mars, & Sky) – Simply download Google Earth. Click on Planet icon to switch planets. More powerful than browser based Google Sky.
- Google Sky – Uses just your browner, easy to navigate. Can also view Moon & Mars
- Interactive Sky Chart (Sky and Telescope magazine) -View an image of the sky from any location on earth. Free registration required.
- The Messier Catalog - A complete guide to the 110 prominent and beautiful objects listed the standard Messier catalog, based on a historic observavtion by Charles Messier and his collegial friend, Pierre Méchain in the late 1700’s.(SEDS)
- NASA Images & Videos (Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System)- Metasearch of over 28,900 videos and over 90,700 images.
- Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Telescope Data Center
- Worldwide Telescope (Microsoft) - A feature-rich virtual telescope seamlessly bringing together terabytes of imagery from the best ground- & space-based telescopes to enable guided explorations of the universe.
Our Solar System
See also: Educational Materials & Web Courses
- Lunar and Planetary Institute (Universities Space Research Association)
- Map-a-Planet 2 (USGS Astrogeology Science Center) - create customized, downloadable map dataset of planets and moons. Free registration required. Currently in beta testing.
- NASA Human Spaceflight - Information about the International Space Station and a launch countdown clock plus links to the Space Shuttle page and the history of manned space flight.
- NeoDys: Near Earth Objects - Orbital data on all Near Earth Asteroids and impact risk analysis.
- Planetary, Lunar, and Stellar Visibility (Alcyone Software) - freeware program that produces color diagrams showing when astronomical objects are visible during any year from 3000 BC to AD 6000 at any location on the earth.
- Solar System Exploration (NASA) - Explore planets and other objects in our solar system. Excelent overview, facts, graphics, mission information, and much more.
- Solar System Simulator (NASA) - Software that visualizes solar system objects from many perspectives based on user-specified parameters.
- View of the Solar System: Lesson Plans and Activities (Calvin J. Hamilton)
- U.S. Naval Observatory - Extensive astronomical data such as sun and moon rise and set times, moon phases, eclipses, seasons, and positions of solar system objects. Information on software, research, and publications.
- AAS - American Astronomical Society
- ASP - Astronomical Society of the Pacific
- IAU - International Astronomical Union
- IPS - International Planetarium Society
- SEDS - Students for the Exploration and Development of Space
- USRA - Universities Space Research Association
- More Astronomical Societies (NRAO) - Alphabetical list