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Science & Engineering Information News


Archive for the ‘Engineering’ Category

Festschrift in Honor of Eli Ruckenstein, Distinguished Professor, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering

untitledThe June 2017 issue of Advances in Colloid and Interface Science is a festschrift in honor of Distinguished Professor Eli Ruckenstein, hailed as “A Rare Researcher, Teacher, and Mentor par Excellence” by the guest editors of the special issue.

From their dedicatory article:

Researchers cannot miss the name of Ruckenstein when they are looking in the literature for key insights and research directions in numerous and diverse areas including heat and mass transfer in laminar and turbulent flows, separation processes, catalysis, colloids and emulsions, molecular assembly phenomena, polymer membranes, superconducting materials, immobilized enzymes, nucleation, stability of thin films and foams, design of antifouling surfaces, thrombus growth, etc. They naturally wonder whether there are many researchers named Ruckenstein since the research areas are highly specialized and most researchers usually are confined to working in just a few closely related problem areas. Their suspicion of multiple Ruckensteins is reinforced by the prolific number of publications they find on each topic. When they finally learn that there is only one Eli Ruckenstein, the overwhelming thought that strikes one is how a single individual could have worked on such multiplicity of topics, and contributed significantly and in such depth to so many diverging themes of modern chemical engineering.

Ruckenstein is one of the world’s most influential chemical engineers. He has made ground-breaking contributions in many areas and published more than 1000 scientific papers. He was the first chemical engineer to receive the National Medal of Science, considered the U.S. equivalent of the Nobel Prize. To think of Eli Ruckenstein as an outstanding researcher, a dedicated teacher, and an inspiring mentor of many academic and industrial chemical engineers captures only a partial image of his persona. Indeed, he is among the select few in the community of international chemical engineering and in the history of our profession.

It is our pleasure and privilege to dedicate this festschrift issue of Advances in Colloid and Interface Science to Eli as he just marked his 91st birthday.

New Online Encyclopedia: Comprehensive Biomaterials II, 2nd Edition

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9780081006917We have purchased the online version of the seven-volume encyclopedia, Comprehensive Biomaterials II, 2nd edition (Elsevier, 2017).

This work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, research and development, regulatory management, commercial aspects, and applications, including medical applications.

Content coverage is as follows:

  • Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic, and Polymeric Biomaterials
  • Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials
  • Volume 3: Methods of Analysis
  • Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules
  • Volume 5: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine: Fundamentals
  • Volume 6: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine: Applications
  • Volume 7: Biomaterials and Clinical Use

You can access this major reference work from on- or off-campus via the following URL:
http://gate.lib.buffalo.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fgate.lib.buffalo.edu%2Flogin%3Furl%3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencedirect.com%2Fscience%2Freferenceworks%2F9780081006924

This URL can be embedded in your lab web pages, course pages on UBlearns, etc., as relevant.

Web of Science Now Back to 1945

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indexThe UB Libraries have been able to expand its coverage in the Web of Science database to include all post-World War II science and technology. This was made possible with one-time, end-of-the-fiscal-year funds allowing us to purchase  a 20-year back file that now pushes our coverage back to 1945. This acquisition will increase citation metrics for researchers with a long publication history. In addition, many classic sci/tech articles will now be discoverable, such as the work of Nobel Prize laureate William Shockley, co-inventor of the transistor; see, for example:

THE THEORY OF P-N JUNCTIONS IN SEMICONDUCTORS AND P-N JUNCTION TRANSISTORS
By: SHOCKLEY, W
BELL SYSTEM TECHNICAL JOURNAL Volume: 28 Issue: 3 Pages: 435-489 Published: 1949
Times Cited: 1,203

New Databases in Support of Materials Science and Engineering

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The UB Libraries are subscribing to a number of new databases that directly support data needs in departments across the university engaged in materials-based research. This growing suite of databases contains data, images, and other non-bibliographic information in support of basic and applied research at UB across many disciplines and departments including medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical science, protein science, biomaterials, and materials design and innovation. The databases include MSI Eureka, the Cambridge Structural Database, and the ASM Micrograph Database.

  • MSI Eureka is a research and information platform that compiles and critically evaluates data on materials constitution, phase diagrams, crystal structure, etc., for a wide variety of material types and systems. The database covers alloys (steels, bronzes, magnets, electronic materials, and more); non-metals (ceramics, sensors, semiconductors, and more); and composites (cermets and more). In addition to phase diagrams, it contains over 4,000 evaluation reports written by a global team of scientists affiliated with MSI (Materials Science International). The phase diagrams and evaluative reports are linked to bibliographic citations to the literature, which covers the period from 1830 to the present and are drawn from over 250 journals and grey literature that MSIT monitors continuously. There are two ways to access MSI Eureka: Direct, IP-controlled access via the Internet or using the MSI Eureka Viewer (client software). For more information and to connect, got to: http://researcha.lib.buffalo.edu/msi-eureka-direct and http://research.lib.buffalo.edu/msi-eureka-local.
  • The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is the largest repository for small-molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures, containing over 800,000 entries from x-ray and neutron diffraction analyses. The database is an invaluable tool for chemists, structural biologists, biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists, physicists, and biomedical researchers. Structures can be retrieved by chemical formula, cell parameters, substructures, similarity, and more. 3D structures can be viewed and manipulated. Each structure entry is enriched with bibliographic, chemical and physical property information. For advanced users doing in-depth crystallographic research, CSD provides an extensive suite of downloadable software available only to UB patrons. Download instructions are available at http://research.lib.buffalo.edu/cambridge-structural-database. This software provides additional searching and analysis of structures including protein-ligand docking, interaction maps, ensemble studies, cavity comparison, binding site analysis, solid form studies such as packing searches.
  • The ASM Micrograph Database contains more than 4,100 micrographs for industrially important alloys, including ferrous and nonferrous metals, ceramics, and composites, each with details about the material, processing history, specimen preparation, and microstructure. Users can examine images, look for typical or optimal structures, or compare the effects of alloying or heat treating regimes on microstructures. The database designed for anyone who works with materials, from metallography to all branches of engineering. Images include: Material designation and composition; processing history; service history; metallographic preparation/technique; magnification; significance of the structures shown; and selected materials properties data. The database can be searched by material, condition, product form, and image code. Content is updated annually, with an average of 150 new micrographs added to the database each year. To connect, go to: http://research.lib.buffalo.edu/asm-micrograph-database

Deadline to Apply for Training Program to Become a Climate Reality Leader

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crp_logoThe Climate Reality Project and former Vice President Al Gore will be conducting an intensive three-day training for new Climate Reality Leader activists on August 16–18 in Houston, Texas. The training will bring together pioneers, change agents, and leaders from across business, government, and civil society sectors.  The application deadline is July 11, 2016.  The website is at: https://www.climaterealityproject.org/training

 

UB Libraries Goes GREENR

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The UB Libraries recently added a new database to its collection that will be of interest to students, faculty, staff, and guests interested in data and information resources related to energy, the environment, and natural resources.   The topics and issues covered range across all disciplines, including the sciences, social sciences, engineering, health-related fields, law, business, medicine, political science, architecture, design and planning.

The URL to link to the database is: http://libweb.lib.buffalo.edu/pdp/index.asp?ID=616

GREENR (Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources) is a unique and interactive database and portal that provides international coverage of a broad spectrum of environmental and ecological issues, research, policy, and decision-making.  Among the topics covered are:

  • Global warming/climate change
  • Food safety
  • Economic development, population issues, and the environment
  • International relations
  • Environmental pollution
  • Agricultural & resource management
  • Green energy systems, jobs, building design, and engineering
  • Eco-friendly lifestyles and community planning & development

GREENR goes beyond traditional bibliographic content. It includes scholarly/academic journals, newspapers, and magazines, but also videos, podcasts, images (updated daily), primary source documents, statistical data, maps, case studies, organization profiles, surveys, conference notes, interviews, broadcast transcripts, book reviews, blogs, social networking sites, and more.

You can search by keywords. GREENR also offers interactive mapping features that allow you to easily browse the database’s contents by country, organization, or topic.

A series of video tutorials are available from the publisher at:  http://solutions.cengage.com/gale-training/video/greenr/

 

 

 

Open Access Publishing Options: American Chemical Society (ACS)

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Although known for its high quality subscription journals, the American Chemical Society (ACS) offers a number of open access (free-to-read) publishing options for its authors.

But first, why should researchers care about open access?

  • Many studies show that open access articles are downloaded twice as much and on average cited 8-50% more than equivalent articles locked behind subscription “pay-walls.” This can translate to higher citation metrics for tenure and promotion.
  • A U.S. Law passed in January 2014 mandates that virtually all federally funded research articles be openly available within 12 months of publication.
  • The social good of reaching (and the extra readership by) scholars and educators associated with smaller institutions and those in poorer countries that cannot afford expensive journal subscriptions should not be underestimated.

Although it is true that federally funded research articles must now have a free-to-read version available after 12 months, there are advantages to eliminating that embargo period via immediate open access including getting timelier, enhanced worldwide exposure for your research accomplishments.

ACS provides four main avenues for open access publication:

1)      The new ACS Central Science, a highly selective, peer-reviewed journal that is fully open access with no embargo.

2)      ACS Author Choice permits authors to pay a one-time article processing charge (APC) to make their article openly available upon publication.

3)      ACS Author Rewards, a fairly new program whereby the corresponding author of every ACS peer-reviewed article receives a credit of $1,500 that can be used in the subsequent year to pay the APC for any newly submitted or make any previously published subscription article open access.

4)      ACS Editors’ Choice, a composite on-line journal created by ACS editors picking one article to be made permanently open access each day of the year from across all ACS journals.

Details of these programs as of April 2, 2015 were published in a Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters viewpoint article, “ACS is Open”. However, the parameters of these programs may change in the future so scholars are encouraged to visit the ACS Author & Reviewer Resource Center for the most up-to-date information.

In addition, all publishers, including the American Chemical Society, must allow authors to comply with the new funding agency open access policies rapidly being implemented over the next few years.

American Chemical Society New Mobile App

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The American Chemical Society (ACS) recently released a mobile app, ACS2Go, for their highly used journal web site. The key feature is that, once a user accesses the journal site on campus, it automatically authenticates the device for use off-campus for 4 months, giving researchers the ability to read any subscription-based content without the need for an additional log-in step. ACS2Go can be accessed at http://pubs.acs.org on a tablet or smartphone.

Other features of ACS2Go include:

  • Compatibility with gestural commands to swipe and advance between articles and issues.
  • Ability to browse, search, and download journal articles.
  • Configurability tailored to the research interests and reading habits of the reader.
  • Share articles and links via email.
  • Compatible with devices running iOS, Android and Blackberry.

ACS2Go complements the previously introduced ACS Mobile app.

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) All Access Database

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SUNYCentral has recently made a new electronic resource available to all students, faculty, and staff at SUNYConnect institutions. The NFCSS All Access database (UB Only) provides online access to every NFPA® code, standard, and handbook. The handbooks contain expert commentary and graphics to help clarify code concepts.

Among many other titles, the subscription includes:

  • NFPA 13: Automatic Sprinkler Systems Handbook, 2013, 2010 and 2007 Editions
  • NFPA 25: Water-Based Fire Protection Systems Handbook, 2014, 2011 and 2008 Editions
  • NFPA 70: NEC® Handbook, 2014, 2011 and 2008 Editions
  • NFPA 70E: Handbook for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, 2012 and 2009 Editions
  • NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook, 2013 and 2010 Editions
  • NFPA 101: Life Safety Code® Handbook, 2012 and 2009 Editions
  • NFPA 58: LP-Gas Code Handbook, 2014, 2011 and 2008 Editions
  • NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code Handbook, 2012 and 2009 Editions

For more information, see the complete listing of the codes, standards, and handbooks and the Help Center for search help.

See VGo the Robot tomorrow, March 24

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The UB Libraries invite the UB campus community to come meet VGo, the robot. VGo came to UB for the Digital Challenges Technology Fair a couple weeks ago and will be on campus again tomorrow March 24 from 2-4p, visiting Lockwood Library’s Science and Engineering Information Center (first floor).  Terry Connor from Verizon will be on hand to demonstrate the multiple educational and clinical applications for VGo.  The Vice President for VGo will also be there, through teleconferencing, to answer any questions folks might have http://www.vgocom.com/.

See you there!