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Oscar A. Silverman Library

Science & Engineering Information News


Archive for the ‘Biology’ Category

Why You Should be Searching the Web of Science Databases

webofscienceFind out how the Web of Science can work for you! 

On October 14th, a Web of Science trainer will be in the Science & Engineering Information Center in Silverman Library to demonstrate Web of Science databases and answer your questions. The Web of Science indexes over 12,000 journals, 148,000 conference proceedings, and 50,000 editorially selected books across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities.   Students and faculty in all areas of science and engineering will benefit from these sessions, as well as those from the health and social sciences.

Please Note: Registration is required; see below to register.

WHEN:  Tuesday, October 14th

WHAT: Three sessions will teach you tips and tricks for using the Web of Science databases and how to determine citation metrics and impact factors.   You can come to just one, two, or all three sessions.  Your choice!

SESSION 1           11:30am-1pm     Tips for Searching Web of Science (WoS) [refreshments will be served]

SESSION 2           2pm-3pm             Researching Citation Metrics and Impact Factors Using WoS

SESSION 3           3pm-4pm             Searching the New Patent and Data Citations Indexes on WoS

WHERE:  Science & Engineering Information Center, 2nd floor, Silverman Library, Capen Hall [back by the windows]

PRIZES: Prizes, courtesy of Web of Science, will be awarded at each session!

REGISTRATION:  Please register by October 6th by sending an email to Ruth Oberg in the Silverman Library at oberg@buffalo.edu with the following information:

Your name:

Your department:

Your email:

Which session(s) you will attend:

___        SESSION 1:  Tips for Searching Web of Science (WoS)

___        SESSION 2:  Researching Citation Metrics and Impact Factors Using WoS

___        SESSION 3:  Searching the New Patent and Data Citations Indexes on WoS

Any questions or topics you would like discussed at the sessions:

 

Ask Our Science & Engineering Librarians!

Librarians from the Science & Engineering Information Center in the Silverman Library will offer a special service to students and faculty during the first two weeks of the fall semester.  From 11:00am to 5:00pm Monday through Friday,  science and engineering librarians are available at the library entrance to answer your questions and introduce themselves and their research assistance services to you. Stop by to learn more about UB’s outstanding resources and services and to meet the experts!

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Searching the Patent Literature

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The UB Libraries are no longer subscribing to the U.S. and European patent files on the Engineering Village search platform. Instead, we are recommending that you use one of the free systems listed below for full-text patent searching. These provide the same full-text patent coverage in addition to having built-in tools for analyzing the results of your patent searches:

These resources are described in greater detail on our Patents web guide at: http://libweb.lib.buffalo.edu/guide/guide.asp?ID=137

UB Authors publish for free: Electrochemical Society Journals

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The Electrochemical Society (ECS) has just announced that since the UB Libraries support a subscription to their journals, UB authors can publish their articles with the benefits of immediate open access at no charge for the rest of 2014. The open access article processing charge of $800 is completely waived. The full announcement is at: http://www.electrochem.org/oa/#apc.

Open access publishing enhances visibility, readership, and getting cited. This is becoming more and more crucial as citation metrics play an increasing role in the evaluation of scholarship (for better or worse). There is also the satisfaction of knowing that scholars in even the poorest countries in the world can access your research without subscription barriers.

Please contact a faculty librarian in the Science and Engineering Information Center if you have any questions about copyright, reserving rights to your work, open access publishing options, reputation of journals (especially when you receive unsolicited offers from an unfamiliar journal), publisher agreements, and article processing charges.

Access JoVE, The Journal of Visual Experiments

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The Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) is an online journal of visualized (video-based) biological and life science research procedures and methods. Articles published in JoVE focus on experimental techniques and procedures used in laboratory settings for conducting research. These procedures are captured and displayed as videos with written explanations that include graphics and illustrations, and are enhanced with narrations and explanations in video formats. Coverage at UB is facilitated from Vol. 1 (2006) to the near present, excluding the two most recent years with exceptions: some articles published within the past two years may be available due to requirements to have certain resources in the public domain available. This also means that some articles published within the past two years may not be available due to publisher restrictions. You can access JoVE directly by going to the E-journals page at  and enter the term “jove” in the search box; then click on the link to Free Medical Journals or PubMed Central.

Related Resources (these are not linked to video-based links, but do provide access to print protocols)

 

EndNote Clinics in the Science & Engineering Information Center

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ENDNOTE CLINICS in the Science & Engineering Information Center, 2nd Floor, Silverman Library

Bring your laptop to one of our regularly scheduled Wednesday EndNote clinics between 1 and 2pm and our EndNote experts will help you load and use this free software program, which helps you save, manage and format your references for use in writing papers.  We will also be available at these clinics to help advanced EndNote users troubleshoot any problems you may have using the software. Questions about library resources and services also are encouraged.  All are welcome!

WHERE:  Science & Engineering Information Center, 2nd Floor, Silverman Library, Capen Hall [back by the windows]

WHEN:  Wednesday, from 1-2pm, on the following dates: February 26, March 5, March 12, March 26, April 2, April 9, April 16, April 23, April 30, and May 7   [Note:  There will be no clinic during the week of spring break, March 17th-21st]

Questions:  Contact Nancy Schiller, Engineering Librarian, schiller@buffalo.edu

New Web of Science/Knowledge Interface & Branding

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The next time you log into the Web of Science/Knowledge you will be greeted with a new interface and rebranded platform and database suites.

As to the rebranding, Web of Knowledge brand name has been discontinued. “Web of Knowledge” is rebranded as “Web of Science” (both the platform and the full suite of databases available thereon) and the old “Web of Science” citation database suite is now the “Web of Science Core Collection”.

As to the interface, the look and feel is rather different.  However, the underlying fields and databases remain the same. No content/functionality has been lost, though some of it is hidden from the default view.  There is a helpful “what’s new” page http://images.webofknowledge.com/WOKRS513R8.1/help/WOK/hp_whatsnew_wok.html and for those truly interested, you may wish to watch some of the new short videos at http://wokinfo.com/training_support/training/web-of-science/.

A few of the changes of note:

  • Only one search field will display unless you click “+Add Another Field.”
  • The list of databases/indexes within Web of Science will no longer appear at the bottom of the search screen by default. Instead, towards the top there is an orange chevron beside the “All Databases” header that produces a dropdown menu that will enable you to select a particular database including the Web of Science Core Collection (the classic citation      database cluster).
  • The sort function has been moved to the center of the results page.
  • Times cited is featured more prominently on the right hand side of each article.
  • Keywords  are clickable enabling you to execute a new search.
  • Navigation is simpler. Just use your browser’s forward and backward arrows.
  • Google Scholar will contain links to Web of Science on campus or if you are connected to UB’s IP address off site.

Any questions, don’t hesitate to contact any member of the Science & Engineering Information Center staff or your department’s library liaison.

American Chemical Society Journal Supplemental Data Digitized

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More than a century’s worth of supplemental data and other information from published chemical research is now available from the American Chemical Society (ACS). The society has completed a project to digitize supporting information associated with 40,000 journal articles published by ACS from 1879 to 1995 that previously had only be available on microform, if at all. Material from 1996 forward was born digital and hence already available.

Supporting information can be critical understanding a particular research article by providing additional context, relevance, and a sound basis for comparing results.

Using the ACS Publications web site, the archived ACS data are searchable, can be downloaded for free from the abstract page of each paper, and have metadata associated with them. In total, the archive includes some 800,000 pages of tables, illustrations, diagrams, spectroscopic and crystallographic results, experimental procedures, software code, biological data, mathematical derivations, and other supplementary information

ACS publishes more than 40 chemistry-related journals as well as C&EN. [Information taken primarily from an ACS press release]

Discover Magazine’s Top 10 Science Stories of 2013

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by Fred Stoss, Biology, Geology, Ecology, and Mathematics Librarian

The January/February issue of Discover Magazine includes a list of of the top 100 stories in science that they covered in 2013.  The top 10 are summarized below.

  1. New Signs of Long-Gone Life on Mars (if there ever was any, despite conditions that it might have or could have…).
  2. The Supreme World of Genes (the Supreme Court judges BRCA1 And BRACA2 and other naturally occurring genes cannot be patented).
  3. CO2 Hits 400 ppm—Does It Matter? (atmospheric concentrations of CO2 never quite reached 300 ppm in ice-core records 400,000 years old, but steady increases since the last two centuries find levels continuing to rise, as do the debates on the significance of all the CO2.
  4. The Never Ending End of Privacy (the NSA surveillance programs indicate that Santa actually MAY know who is naughty and nice).
  5. Stem Cell Future (liver buds, brain organiods, human stem cells from eggs… grow your own takes on new meanings).
  6. Voyager 1 Goes Interstellar (35+ years, 15+ billion miles and Voyager 1 is now in interstellar space, and a group of unsuspecting space explorers will be waiting in a few centuries to unravel the secrets of a strange space craft, V’Ger, the lost Voyager-6 space probe).
  7. Ready from Prime Time (quests for and about prime numbers add up to a lot of conjectures).
  8. Extracting Family Trees from Ancient Genomes (new DNA extraction techniques and genomic analyses push analyses of DNA samples to 700,000 years [horse] and 400,000 years [hominid], and new tools for evolution also evolve).
  9. Childhood Obesity Reversed (childhood obesity rates, after decades-long increases, showed the first decline among low-income children).
  10. Shaping the Future of Physics (someone found a new geometric shape, the amplituhedron, and may give a new way to look at our expanding universe).

When we look at the disciplinary coverage of all 100 Top Stories, the biomedical and life sciences dominate with 40 stories, followed distantly by environmental/geoscience stories (26), chemistry and physics (15), socio-political aspects of science (10), engineering (5), and mathematics and computational science (4).

Discover Magazine (January/February 2014) is available online full text by several means here at UB, from 01/01/2001 to present in Academic Search Complete, Canadian Reference Centre, MasterFILE Premier and Vocational & Career Collection, in Freely Accessible Journals.

Impressions: Charleston Conference 2013

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by A. Ben Wagner, Sciences Librarian

The Charleston Conference focuses on electronic resources and collection issues such as open access, MOOC’s, altmetrics, citation metrics and management,  and copyright. Many of the presentations are freely available by going to the online program, hovering one’s mouse over the session title until the abstract pop-up window appears and then clicking on the “Slides” button, or in cases of multiple files, embedded links within the abstract text. There are some extraordinary presentations, and most of the slides clearly convey much of the content. http://2013charlestonconference.sched.org/

My impressions:

A)     Open Access is developing an air of inevitability what with the Federal funding agencies having submitted open article and open data proposals now under internal (confidential) review per the February 2013 White House directive and the major announcement by the American Chemical Society of 4 new/enhanced open access programs including a brand new open access (OA) journal, ACS Central Science.

B)      I was disappointed that there is no timetable for finishing the review of federal funding agencies OA proposals to provide open access.  Nor is there any guarantee or indication of what, if any, public review will eventually take place.

C)      There is a lively, continuing debate over if libraries should maintain a fund to pay article processing charges (APC’s) for open access publication. And if they do, what conditions should be place on it such as a cap on the fee, embargo period, and publications funded per author per year. One interesting criteria was a requirement that the item be deposited in the institutional repository. Much of the debate focuses on sustainability, given library budgets, and good will/tangible support for OA vs. administrative headaches. Fundamental issues include:

  1. Library forced into supporting two systems (subscriptions & APC’s).
  2. Will this just be the same publishers making more money?
  3. Are we biasing authors towards the minority of OA journals that charge APC’s vs. the majority that do not?
  4. Researchers are not taking ownership of the costs of dissemination so have we really changed the system. How can we encourage decisions based on price and bring competitive forces into play?

D)     Lots of talk about article level metrics (so-called altmetrics). More and more publishers and database vendors are setting up licenses with altmetrics firms such as ImpactStory, Plum Analytics, and Altmetric.com. Public Library of Science, Highwire Press, and the American Institute of Physics are just three of a rapidly increasing number of publishers now showing article-level metrics of some type, even if it is only downloads and reads.

E)      No surprise that MOOC’s (massive open online courses) were discussed.  Some observations that were made:

  1. The only reason our reference services work is that so few of our patrons take advantage of them. Scale is an old problem, but MOOC’s could instantly overwhelm our services.
  2. Obvious problems with copyright/use of materials. Although permissions are sometimes possible, MOOC content understandably gravitates towards public domain/Creative Commons licensing material.  This is especially true when students may come from scores of countries with varying copyright and fair use laws, or having no fair use recognized at all.
  3. MOOC’s will destroy traditional textbooks before they destroy higher education (the “college experience” is a value-added dimension not easily replicated).
  4. Educators and librarians who are supporters of open access publishing whereby publishers are threatened, suddenly have a different attitude when it comes to MOOC’s which threaten higher ed and libraries.  What’s good for the goose is good for the gander?
  5. WARNING: Most MOOC platforms treat you (the library/scholar) as publisher requiring you to warrant compliance with all intellectual property/copyright law.
  6. A tricky and uncertain legal situation where institution is non-profit and course/platform is for profit.  Be careful.

F)      Fair use strengthened and reaffirmed by recent court cases. There have been some “nuisance” or really picky cases, e.g. use of 9 words in a film, correctly attributed to Faulkner where overzealous copyright holders have been roundly defeated. Often victorious on the grounds of transformative use; this is becoming a key legal argument.

G)     A real concern among librarians and publishers that a somewhat recent change in Google Scholar ranking algorithms penalized journal articles behind pay walls. A few studies have indicated that this has a variable, but at times significant effect. JSTOR in particular suffered a significant drop in traffic from Google Scholar.

H)     Libraries are seeing a real mix of citation management tools in use on their campus and are trying to figure out how many and how to support all the tools patrons are interested in.  Some universities have developed detailed, yet summary, comparison charts such as Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Washington, and Penn State. We should either link to these or develop our own.  One presentation indicated:

  1. Individual work – RefWorks, EndNote, Papers
  2. Collaborative Work – Zotero & Mendeley
  3. Multi-language – RefWorks, Zotero
  4. Compatibility with BibTex – Mendeley
  5. Multiple OS – Mendeley

I)        Study of ILL requests after large journal cancellation projects at 3 North Carolina universities showed minimal impact on ILL operations with only 1%-4% of the requests in the subsequent year being from the cancelled journals.

J)       Fifteen new resources/innovations were highlighted in 5-minute presentations in a plenary product showcase:

  1. ACSESS DL – a digital library back to 1908 created by an alliance of three crop, soil, and environmental societies.
  2. ISNI – International Standard Name Identifier – real progress on a standard universal number for authors/scholars. ORCID will be a subset of the ISNI database.  This is operational (6.4 million individuals & 400,000 organizations), and they are doing retrospective assignments.
  3. Docuseek2 – streams social issue and documentary film videos.
  4. Elsevier Reference Modules – bundles reference works, book chapters, and articles by discipline using the ScienceDirect platform.
  5. Dictionary of American Regional English Digital (Harvard Univ. Press) – e-version greatly enriched with sound recordings, map interface, etc.
  6. AccessScience – McGraw Hill (not sure why this long-time product made the list)
  7. Proquest Research Companion – similar to our Research Tips web site, i.e. how to write a paper.
  8. ArtStor Shared Shelf – organizations can now catalog, upload, manage, and share loca media collections. Neat!
  9. SIPX – outsourced end-to-end solution for copyright and IP management for learning management systems and MOOCs.
  10. SPIE Open Access Program – 1/3 of authors now choose open access option at $100 per page.
  11. New Taylor & Francis Library/Info Science Journal Open Access Policy – full green OA, deposit in IR and use in LMS permitted, 50 tokens for free access that can be given out to anyone.
  12. ASM Science (American Soc. of Micobiology) – new digital library platform, books free of digital rights management restrictions.
  13. Thieme e-clinical platforms (Thieme eNeurosurgery, Thieme eOtolaryngology, Thieme eSpine) – comprehensive, multimedia platforms pulling together textbooks, books, videos, procedures, journal articles, and PubMed information.
  14. Browzine (Third Iron) – organizes both open access and subscription articles into a unified, composite journal which is placed on a common, library-branded newsstand and easily accessible from a tablet.
  15. Next Gen Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) – new “clean” interface, Google Scholar partnership whereby WOS citations show in Google Scholar results for WOS customers & full-text link to Google Scholar from WOS, more regional content.

K)      Readcube is making some waves in the rental/pay-per-article field.  3 levels of access: rental, cloud purchase, and PDF purchase. Currently 110 journals, but includes Nature Publishing Group, and they say they are growing.