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University at Buffalo Libraries

United States History

War and the Environment in the Atlantic World

UB History Resources: The Ultimate Guides

United States History Resources (UB)

World History Resources (UB) 



I.  Finding Background Information: Expanding Contexts and Knowledge                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Wikipedia: It can be good place to begin; but entries are uneven.  Be sure to review the references that conclude each entry.

The Atlantic World and Atlantic History in the Wikipedia!

Environmental History in the Wikipedia

Military History in the Wikipedia

Specialized Scholarly Encyclopedias

Depending upon what you’re researching, many topically focused encyclopedias may be useful.  These are not given below.  Any book may serve as an “encyclopedia” – a source of background knowledge and means of extending and understanding contexts.  In this light a pertinent bibliography may help.  Consult your instructor, bibliographies, and books such as: The Atlantic in Global History, 1500-2000 (Jorge Canizares-Esguerra and Erik Seeman, 2006). For helpful texts, search Amazon, Google Books, as well as our catalog. To go beyond Buffalo in the traditional way, use WorldCat Dissertation also can be used to provide both background and bibliography – and many are now available to you freely and full text, consult

Gale Virtual Reference Library 

Environmental Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia of Environmental World History, 3 vols.

Silverman Library (Capen)

Reference GE 10.E63.2004

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, 5 vols.

Silverman Library (Capen)

Reference GE 149.E443.2002
The encyclopedia of North American colonial conflicts to 1775 :a political, social, and military history /Spencer C. Tucker, volume editor ; James Arnold and Roberta Wiener, editors, documents volume ; Paul G. Pierpaoli, Jr., associate editor ; Justin Murphy, Jim Piecuch, assistant editors. — Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c2008.
3 v. (lvii, 1188, I-17 p.) : ill., maps ; 29 cm. (20090226 )
Lockwood Library: Reference | E181 .E6315 2008

International encyclopedia of military history /James C. Bradford, editor ; preface by Jeremy Black. — New York : Routledge, 2006.
2 v. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 29 cm. (Baker & Taylor BKTY 55.01 55.01 0415973325 0006101791 active ) (Baker & Taylor BKTY 55.01 55.01 0415973333 0006101792 active ) (Baker & Taylor BKTY 350.00 350.00 0415936616 0004445594 active )
Lockwood Library: Reference | D25 .A2 I58 2006

Encyclopedia of American military history /Spencer C. Tucker, general editor ; associate editors David Coffey, John C. Fredriksen, Jusitn D. Murphy. — New York : Facts On File, 2003.
3 v. : ill., maps ; 29 cm. (Facts on File library of American history )
Lockwood Library: Reference | E181 .E63 2003

Clodfelter, Micheal, 1946-
Warfare and armed conflicts :a statistical reference to casualty and other figures, 1500-2000 /Micheal Clodfelter. — 2nd ed. — Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 2002.
xvi, 840 p. ; 28 cm.
Lockwood Library: Reference | D214 .C54 2002

Farwell, Byron.
The encyclopedia of nineteenth-century land warfare :an illustrated world view /Byron Farwell. — New York : W.W. Norton, 2001.
xii, 900 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
Lockwood Library: Reference | D361 .F34 2001

Colonial wars of North America, 1512-1763 :an encyclopedia /editor, Alan Gallay. — New York : Garland, 1996.
856 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. (Military history of the United States ; vol. 5. Garland reference library of the humanities ; vol. 1245. )
Lockwood Library: Reference | E46.5 .C65 1996

Overview Essays

Blackwell Reference Online

Oxford Handbooks Online

II. Finding Articles and More

America: History and Life

Historical Abstracts

Google Scholar

War and all its aspects is studied by anthropologists and others as well as by historians.  The two history indexes are very wide-ranging in disciplinary coverage – and, of course, Google Scholar covers all disciplines.  Nonetheless, you might want to consult the anthropological literature in particular.  Begin with the resources identified here:  

III. Finding Books

UB Catalog



Google Books

Google Labs’ Ngram Viewer

ACLS Humanities EBook Project

IV. Finding Book Reviews                                                                                            Book reviews may be found using many different indexes; but the references below were found doing a JSTOR search.  For a general guide to book reviews see the UB library guide:

Book reviews for: Warfare and Diplomacy in Pre-Colonial West Africa

There are many places to look, look in JSTOR if the publication date allows.

Maier, D. J. E. “Review: [Untitled].” The Journal of African History 32, no. 1 (1991): 170.

Meunier, R. “Review: [Untitled].” Cahiers d’Études Africaines 18, no. 71 (1978): 465. 

Muffett, David. “Review: [Untitled].” The American Historical Review 83, no. 2 (1978): 495-96.

Smaldone, Joseph P. “Review: War and Diplomacy in West Africa.” The Journal of African History 18, no. 4 (1977): 624-25. 

VI. Tracing an Idea

Google Scholar – Citation Search

[BOOK] Warfare & diplomacy in pre-colonial West Africa

RS Smith – 1989 –
Published in the United States of America by The University of Wisconsin Press 114 North Murray
Street Madison, Wisconsin 53715 Published in Great Britain by James Currey Ltd 54b Thornhill
Square, Islington London, Nl 1BE Copyright © 1976 Robert S. Smith First published by
Cited by 52Related articlesLibrary SearchAll 7 versionsImport into EndNote

And one of the 52 citing works is:

[BOOK] Law and colonial cultures: legal regimes in world history, 1400-1900

LA Benton – 2002 –
Law and Colonial Cultures Law and Colonial Cultures advances a new perspective in world
history, arguing that cultural practice and institutions – not just the global economy – shaped colonial
rule and the international order. The book examines the shift from the multicentric law of
Cited by 139Related articlesLibrary SearchImport into EndNote

VII. Finding Primary Source Material

Historical Map Collection

Early Encounters in North America

VIII. Lists of Books and Web Sites

Recent Works in Atlantic History (International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World, Harvard University)

Web Sites (International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World, Harvard University)

IX. Joining the Atlantic World Community

H-Atlantic (Atlantic World)

Itinerario: International Journal on the History of European Expansion and Global Interaction

X.  Joining the Environmental History Community

H-Environment (Environmental History)

Environmental History (the journal)

XI. Joining the Military History Community

H-War (Military History)

Journal of Military History

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